Coupled brain and urine spectroscopy - in vivo metabolomic characterization of HMG-CoA lyase deficiency in 5 patients - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Année : 2017

Coupled brain and urine spectroscopy - in vivo metabolomic characterization of HMG-CoA lyase deficiency in 5 patients

Résumé

Background 3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) lyase deficiency is a rare inborn error of leucine metabolism and ketogenesis. Despite recurrent hypoglycemia and metabolic decompensations, most patients have a good clinical and neurological outcome contrasting with abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals and consistent abnormal brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) metabolite peaks. Identifying these metabolites could provide surrogate markers of the disease and improve understanding of MRI-clinical discrepancy and follow-up of affected patients. Methods Urine samples, brain MRI and 1H-MRS in 5 patients with HMG-CoA lyase deficiency (4 boys and 1 girl aged from 25 days to 10 years) were, for each patient, obtained on the same day. Brain and urine spectroscopy were performed at the same pH by studying urine at pH 7.4. Due to pH-induced modifications in chemical shifts and because reference 1H NMR spectra are obtained at pH 2.5, spectroscopy of normal urine added with the suspected metabolite was further performed at this pH to validate the correct identification of compounds. Results Mild to extended abnormal white matter MRI signals were observed in all cases. Brain spectroscopy abnormal peaks at 0.8–1.1 ppm, 1.2–1.4 ppm and 2.4 ppm were also detected by urine spectroscopy at pH 7.4. Taking into account pH-induced changes in chemical shifts, brain abnormal peaks in patients were formally identified to be those of 3-hydroxyisovaleric, 3-methylglutaconic, 3-methylglutaric and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acids. Conclusion 3-Methylglutaric, 3-hydroxyisovaleric and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acids identified on urine 1H-NMR spectra of 5 patients with HMG-CoA lyase deficiency are responsible for the cerebral spectroscopy signature seen in these patients, validating their local involvement in brain and putative contribution to brain neuropathology.
Fichier non déposé

Dates et versions

hal-04219617 , version 1 (27-09-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

D. Roland, P. Jissendi-Tchofo, G. Briand, Joseph Vamecq, Monique Fontaine, et al.. Coupled brain and urine spectroscopy - in vivo metabolomic characterization of HMG-CoA lyase deficiency in 5 patients. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 2017, Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 121 (2), pp.111-118. ⟨10.1016/j.ymgme.2017.03.006⟩. ⟨hal-04219617⟩

Collections

UNIV-LILLE
5 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More