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Article Dans Une Revue Scientific Reports Année : 2022

Switching azide and alkyne tags on bioorthogonal reporters in metabolic labeling of sialylated glycoconjugates: a comparative study

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Sialylation of cell surface glycans plays an essential role in cell–cell interaction and communication of cells with their microenvironment. Among the tools that have been developed for the study of sialylation in living cells, metabolic oligosaccharide engineering (MOE) exploits the biosynthetic pathway of sialic acid (Sia) to incorporate unnatural monosaccharides into nascent sialylatedglycoconjugates, followed by their detection by a bioorthogonal ligation of a molecular probe. Among bioorthogonal reactions, the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) is the only ligation where both reactive tags can be switched on the chemical reporter or on the probe, making this reaction very flexible and adaptable to various labeling strategies. Azide- and alkyne-modified ManNAc and Sia reporters have been widely used, but per-O-acetylated ManNAz (Ac4ManNAz) remains the most popular choice so far for tracking intracellular processing of sialoglycans and cell surface sialylation in various cells. Taking advantage of CuAAC, we compared the metabolic incorporation of ManNAl, ManNAz, SiaNAl, SiaNAz and Ac4ManNAz in the human colon cell lines CCD841CoN, HT29 and HCT116, and in the two gold standard cell lines, HEK293 and HeLa. Using complementary approaches, we showed marked differences in the efficiency of labeling of sialoglycoproteins between the different chemical reporters in a given cell line, and that switching the azide and alkyne bioorthogonal tags on the analogs highly impacted their metabolic incorporation in the human colon cell lines. Our results also indicated that ManNAz was the most promiscuous metabolized reporter to study sialylation in these cells.
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hal-04227783 , version 1 (04-10-2023)

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Jodie Scache, Vincent Rigolot, Cedric Lion, Marlène Mortuaire, Tony Lefebvre, et al.. Switching azide and alkyne tags on bioorthogonal reporters in metabolic labeling of sialylated glycoconjugates: a comparative study. Scientific Reports, 2022, Scientific Reports, 12 (1), pp.22129. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-26521-3⟩. ⟨hal-04227783⟩
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