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Article Dans Une Revue Cells Année : 2022

Autophagy Protects against Eosinophil Cytolysis and Release of DNA.

Paul S Fichtinger
  • Fonction : Auteur
Karina T Barretto
  • Fonction : Auteur
Frances J Fogerty
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ksenija Bernau
  • Fonction : Auteur
Deane F Mosher
  • Fonction : Auteur
Sameer K Mathur
  • Fonction : Auteur
Nathan Sandbo
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

The presence of eosinophils in the airway is associated with asthma severity and risk of exacerbations. Eosinophils deposit their damaging products in airway tissue, likely by degranulation and cytolysis. We previously showed that priming blood eosinophils with IL3 strongly increased their cytolysis on aggregated IgG. Conversely, IL5 priming did not result in significant eosinophil cytolysis in the same condition. Therefore, to identify critical events protecting eosinophils from cell cytolysis, we examined the differential intracellular events between IL5- and IL3-primed eosinophils interacting with IgG. We showed that both IL3 and IL5 priming increased the eosinophil adhesion to IgG, phosphorylation of p38, and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and decreased the phosphorylation of cofilin. However, autophagic flux as measured by the quantification of SQSTM1-p62 and lipidated-MAP1L3CB over time on IgG, with or without bafilomycin-A1, was higher in IL5-primed compared to IL3-primed eosinophils. In addition, treatment with bafilomycin-A1, an inhibitor of granule acidification and autophagolysosome formation, enhanced eosinophil cytolysis and DNA trap formation in IL5-primed eosinophils. Therefore, this study suggests that increased autophagy in eosinophils protects from cytolysis and the release of DNA, and thus limits the discharge of damaging intracellular eosinophilic contents.
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hal-04257764 , version 1 (25-10-2023)

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Stéphane Esnault, Paul S Fichtinger, Karina T Barretto, Frances J Fogerty, Ksenija Bernau, et al.. Autophagy Protects against Eosinophil Cytolysis and Release of DNA.. Cells, 2022, Cells, 11 (11), pp.1821. ⟨10.3390/cells11111821⟩. ⟨hal-04257764⟩

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