Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in metabolically healthy and unhealthy overweight and obese European adolescents: the HELENA study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Nutrition Année : 2019

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in metabolically healthy and unhealthy overweight and obese European adolescents: the HELENA study.

Lide Arenaza
  • Fonction : Auteur
B Ortega Francisco
  • Fonction : Auteur
R Ruiz Jonatan
  • Fonction : Auteur
Stefaan de Henauw
  • Fonction : Auteur
Yannis Manios
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ascension Marcos
  • Fonction : Auteur
Cristina Julian
  • Fonction : Auteur
Kurt Widhalm
  • Fonction : Auteur
Gloria Bueno
  • Fonction : Auteur
Mathilde Kersting
  • Fonction : Auteur
Anthony Kafatos
  • Fonction : Auteur
Christina Breidenassel
  • Fonction : Auteur
Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo
  • Fonction : Auteur
Marcela Gonzalez-Gross
  • Fonction : Auteur
A Moreno Luis
  • Fonction : Auteur
Idoia Labayen
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

PURPOSE: To examine the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) in metabolically healthy overweight or obese (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) European adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 137 overweight/obese adolescents aged 12-17 years old from the HELENA study were included. Height, weight, waist circumference and skinfold thickness were measured and body mass index and body fat percent were calculated. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glucose, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle run test) were measured. MHO and MUO phenotypes were categorized following the Jolliffe and Janssen criteria. Two non-consecutive 24 h recalls were used for dietary intake assessment and the adherence to the MDP was calculated using the Mediterranean dietary pattern score (MDP score) (range 0-9). RESULTS: A total of 45 (22 girls) adolescents (32.8%) were categorized as MHO. The adherence to the MDP was significantly higher in MHO than in MUO adolescents regardless of age, sex, body fat percentage, energy intake and center (MDP score: 4.6 +/- 1.6 vs. 3.9 +/- 1.5, p = 0.036), but this difference became non-significant after further adjustment for cardiorespiratory fitness. Participants who had a low adherence to the MDP (MDP score

Dates et versions

hal-04311035 , version 1 (28-11-2023)

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Citer

Lide Arenaza, Inge Huybrechts, B Ortega Francisco, R Ruiz Jonatan, Stefaan de Henauw, et al.. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in metabolically healthy and unhealthy overweight and obese European adolescents: the HELENA study.. European Journal of Nutrition, 2019, European Journal of Nutrition, 58, pp.2615-2623. ⟨10.1007/s00394-018-1809-8⟩. ⟨hal-04311035⟩

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