Is the Postsurgical Quality of Life of Patients With Esophageal or Gastric Cancer Influenced by Emotional Competence and Neoadjuvant Treatments? - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Cancer Nursing Année : 2021

Is the Postsurgical Quality of Life of Patients With Esophageal or Gastric Cancer Influenced by Emotional Competence and Neoadjuvant Treatments?

Résumé

Background: Emotional competence (EC) via anxiety and depressive symptoms impacts the postoperative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of esophageal and gastric cancer patients after surgery. Objective: The aim of this study was to confirm the involvement of emotional processes in postsurgery HRQoL according to the presence or absence of neoadjuvant treatments. Methods: After diagnosis (T1) and after surgery (T2), 271 patients completed 3 questionnaires, assessing their intrapersonal and interpersonal EC, HRQoL, and anxiety and depressive symptoms. Patients were categorized into 2 groups: patients with only surgery (group 1) and patients who received neoadjuvant treatment in addition to surgery (group 2). Analyses were based on hierarchical regression analyses and the SPSS PROCESS Macro to test the indirect effect of EC on HRQoL through anxiety and depression. Results: Results showed an increase in depressive symptoms and a decrease in both anxiety symptoms and HRQoL between diagnosis and surgery, regardless of neoadjuvant treatment. At T1 and T2, EC predicted fewer anxiety and depressive symptoms and a less impaired HRQoL in the surgery-only group (group 1). Emotional competence, particularly intrapersonal EC, showed a significant indirect effect on HRQoL after surgery via fewer depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Emotional competence promotes fewer anxiety and depressive symptoms and less impaired HRQoL after diagnosis and after surgery, especially for patients without neoadjuvant treatments. Implications for Practice: It is important for oncology nurses and other clinicians to consider the role of emotional processes in postsurgical HRQoL in relation to the type of received treatments and to reinforce the use of EC by cancer patients to improve their adjustment.
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Dates et versions

hal-04314650 , version 1 (29-11-2023)

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Citer

Anne-Sophie Baudry, Lucie Gehenne, Delphine Grynberg, Sophie Lelorain, Guillaume Piessen, et al.. Is the Postsurgical Quality of Life of Patients With Esophageal or Gastric Cancer Influenced by Emotional Competence and Neoadjuvant Treatments?. Cancer Nursing, 2021, Cancer Nursing, 44 (6), p.E600-E608. ⟨10.1097/ncc.0000000000000946⟩. ⟨hal-04314650⟩
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