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Article Dans Une Revue Polymer Année : 2021

Mechanical reinforcement and memory effect of strain-induced soft segment crystals in thermoplastic polyurethane-urea elastomers

Résumé

An amorphous poly(urethane-urea) copolymer composed of 70 wt% poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) soft segments (SS) (Mw = 2000 g mol−1) and 30 wt% cycloaliphatic hard segments (HS) was subjected to in-situ X-Rays during tensile deformation. Mechanical hardening at room temperature was attributed to strain induced crystallization (SIC) of the PEO SS through the multiplication of aligned crystallites. The permanent nature of these crystals after stress removal indicates a certain mechanical stability, which we related here to the concomitant effect of superstraining of the SS crystallites and the HS reorganization upon deformation. This is in marked contrast to previous studies which reported the crystalline phase to be temporary upon unloading. A manifestation of such enhanced stability is the memory effect evidenced by an increased crystallizability of PEO segments during incremental cyclic loading. These results offer a way to (i) tune the mechanical properties of TPUs via the formation of mechanically stable pre-oriented SS crystals and to (ii) tune the thermally/water activated shape memory properties of TPUs (shape fixity, kinetics of shape memory recovery).

Domaines

Matériaux

Dates et versions

hal-04342014 , version 1 (13-12-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

Nicolas Candau, Gregory Stoclet, Jean-Francois Tahon, Adrien Demongeot, Emel Yilgor, et al.. Mechanical reinforcement and memory effect of strain-induced soft segment crystals in thermoplastic polyurethane-urea elastomers. Polymer, 2021, Polymer, pp.123708. ⟨10.1016/j.polymer.2021.123708⟩. ⟨hal-04342014⟩
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