Effects of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on gestational diabetes mellitus: A retrospective study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Diabetes & Metabolism Année : 2020

Effects of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on gestational diabetes mellitus: A retrospective study.

Résumé

Objective The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of the lockdown period on the glycemic balance in patients with GDM. Methods A retrospective study in one center (Lille, France) compared two periods: the COVID-19 lockdown of 18 March 2020 to 7 May 2020 versus the same period during 2019. Glucose targets were defined by a capillary fasting glucose target < 5.1mmol/L and/or a 2-hour postprandial capillary glucose < 6.6 mmol/L. GDM control was defined as: good (< 20% of the glycemic values were not within the target range), acceptable (20 to 40% of the glycemic values were not within the target range) or poor (> 40% of the glycemic values were not within the target range). Results Two hundred twenty-nine patients were included in 2019 and 222 in 2020. The same mean number of capillary blood sugar tests was performed by the two groups. Postprandial blood sugar was significantly less well controlled in 2020, with a lower rate of good control (61.6% vs 69.4%) and higher rates of acceptable (24.7% vs 21.8%) and poor control (13.7% and 8.7%) (p < 0.05). Use of insulin therapy was significantly higher in 2020 compared with 2019 (47.7% and 36.2%, respectively; p < 0.05). Conclusion Diabetes control was lower during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, even if follow-up was not impacted. This may be explained by reduced physical activity, modified dietary habits and anxiety during this period.

Dates et versions

hal-04342675 , version 1 (13-12-2023)

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Citer

Louise Ghesquière, Charles Garabedian, Elodie Drumez, Madleen Lemaitre, Marie Cazaubiel, et al.. Effects of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on gestational diabetes mellitus: A retrospective study.. Diabetes & Metabolism, 2020, Diabetes & Metabolism, 47 (2), ⟨10.1016/j.diabet.2020.09.008⟩. ⟨hal-04342675⟩
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