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Article Dans Une Revue Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics Année : 2020

Should pregnant women with anticoagulant prophylaxis benefit from scheduled delivery?

Résumé

Purpose When vaginal delivery is considered in women with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment, epidural analgesia is contraindicated for 12–24 h after the last injection. We evaluated the proportion of epidural analgesia depending on whether this is scheduled delivery (labor induction after stopping LMWH) or unscheduled delivery (stopping LMWH at labor onset). Methods Retrospective hospital study running from 2015 to 2017. Inclusion criteria for patients with LMWH treatment were: singleton pregnancy, gestational age ≥ 38 weeks of gestation and possible vaginal delivery. The primary endpoint was the epidural analgesia rate. Secondary endpoints included risks for caesarean section, deep vein thrombosis, and postpartum hemorrhage. Results Among 129 patients, 54 had scheduled delivery (41.9%). In practice, only 44 of them had labor induction (81.5%) and 54 of the 75 patients in the unscheduled delivery group had spontaneous delivery (72.0%). There was no significant difference in the rate of epidural analgesia between the "scheduled" and "unscheduled" groups (52/54 (96.3%) vs. 66/75 (88.0%) (p = 0.12)), and no difference in the secondary endpoints. Conclusion High access rates to epidural analgesia are observed in both scheduled and unscheduled deliveries. Scheduled delivery does not appear to be a really advantageous strategy for women with LMWH prophylaxis.
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Dates et versions

hal-04344685 , version 1 (14-12-2023)

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Florence Feucht, Pierre Richart, Nathalie Trillot, Louise Ghesquiere, Charles Garabedian, et al.. Should pregnant women with anticoagulant prophylaxis benefit from scheduled delivery?. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2020, Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 303, pp.1191-1196. ⟨10.1007/s00404-020-05850-6⟩. ⟨hal-04344685⟩

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