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Article Dans Une Revue BMC Medical Research Methodology Année : 2020

Use of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest registries to assess COVID-19 home mortality.

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Background In most countries, the official statistics for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) take account of in-hospital deaths but not those that occur at home. The study’s objective was to introduce a methodology to assess COVID-19 home deaths by analysing the French national out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) registry (RéAC). Methods We performed a retrospective multicentre cohort study based on data recorded in the RéAC by 20 mobile medical teams (MMTs) between March 1st and April 15th, 2020. The participating MMTs covered 10.1% of the French population. OHCA patients were classified as probable or confirmed COVID-19 cases or as non-COVID-19 cases. To achieve our primary objective, we computed the incidence and survival at hospital admission of cases of COVID-19 OHCA occurring at home. Cardiac arrests that occurred in retirement homes or public places were excluded. Hence, we estimated the number of at-home COVID-19-related deaths that were not accounted for in the French national statistics. Results We included 670 patients with OHCA. The extrapolated annual incidence of OHCA per 100,000 inhabitants was 91.9 overall and 17.6 for COVID-19 OHCA occurring at home. In the latter group, the survival rate after being taken to the hospital after an OHCA was 10.9%. We estimated that 1322 deaths were not accounted in the French national statistics on April 15, 2020. Conclusions The ratio of COVID-19 out-of-hospital deaths to in-hospital deaths was 12.4%, and so the national statistics underestimated the death rate.
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hal-04347298 , version 1 (15-12-2023)

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Hervé Hubert, Valentine Canon, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Emmanuel Chazard. Use of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest registries to assess COVID-19 home mortality.. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2020, BMC Medical Research Methodology, 20, pp.305. ⟨10.1186/s12874-020-01189-3⟩. ⟨hal-04347298⟩

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