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Article Dans Une Revue RSC Advances Année : 2020

Hexahydrofarnesyl as an original bio-sourced alkyl chain for the preparation of glycosides surfactants with enhanced physicochemical properties

Résumé

Five new bio-based surfactants have been synthetized by coupling hexahydrofarnesol with mono and di-saccharides. Hexahydrofarnesol (3,7,11-trimethyl-dodecan-1-ol) is a by-product of the industrial production of farnesane, a sustainable aviation fuel obtained by a fermentation process from sugar feedstocks. Using hexahydrofarnesol as the lipophilic starting material allows obtaining 100% bio-based surfactants while valorizing an industrial by-product. Moreover, the C15-branched alkyl chain brings unique properties to the surfactants. This paper presents a physicochemical characterization of these new surfactants including their behaviors in water (water solubility, critical micellar concentration and surface tension) and in oil/water systems (interfacial tension against model oil and ternary phase behavior). Their hydrophilicities have been determined thanks to the PIT-slope method and compared to the ones of standard surfactants with linear alkyl chains, in order to distinguish the contributions of the sugar polar heads and of the branched hexahydrofarnesyl lipophilic chain. This novel class of surfactants combines the properties of sugar-based surfactants (low sensitivity to temperature and salinity, ability to form Winsor III microemulsion systems over a wide range of salinity), along with specificities linked to the branched alkyl chain (lower Krafft temperature, low surface tension).

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Chimie organique
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hal-04347974 , version 1 (15-12-2023)

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Guillaume Lemahieu, Julie Aguilhon, Henri Strub, Valerie Molinier, Jesus Ontiveros, et al.. Hexahydrofarnesyl as an original bio-sourced alkyl chain for the preparation of glycosides surfactants with enhanced physicochemical properties. RSC Advances, 2020, RSC Advances, 10, pp.16377-16389. ⟨10.1039/d0ra02326d⟩. ⟨hal-04347974⟩
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