Long term results (after a mean 11.3 years, and up to 22 years, of follow-up) of the Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK™) in primary total knee arthroplasty. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research Année : 2023

Long term results (after a mean 11.3 years, and up to 22 years, of follow-up) of the Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK™) in primary total knee arthroplasty.

Résumé

Introduction: The use of a sliding prosthesis in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with increased stress is an intermediate solution in primary surgery, between posteriorly stabilized prostheses and hinged prostheses, in cases of ligamentous laxity and/or loss of bone substance. Favorable results have been reported in the medium term but to our knowledge this type of prosthesis has not been evaluated in Europe beyond 10 years of follow-up. We therefore conducted a retrospective study in order to carry out: 1) the study of the survival of the Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK™) prosthesis in primary surgery, 2) the analysis of complications, functional scores and radiographic data, 3) the analysis of the link between the diaphyseal filling rate and prosthetic loosening. Hypothesis: The LCCK™ sliding prosthesis with increased constraint has equivalent long-term survival and clinical results to standard posteriorly stabilized TKA and superior to hinged TKA. Material and method: A retrospective series of 141 LCCK™ implanted in 134 patients between 1997 and 2010 was analyzed. Survival was assessed with censoring through an evaluation of partial or total revision of the implants. The functional results were evaluated using the IKS and Oxford 12 scores. Data regarding the Canal Fill Ratio (CFR) and the presence of pathological periprosthetic lines were also collected. Results: The average follow-up was 11.3 ± 5.3 years with a maximum follow-up of 22.7 years. Survival at 20 years was 90.8% [95% CI: 83.7 – 95.7]. The rate of early complications was 13.5% (19/141), predominantly comprised of venous thrombosis (6/141), hematomas (3/141 including two requiring surgical drainage), stiffness (3/141) and early infections (3/141). The rate of late complications was 17% (24/141), led by stiffness (4.4%; 6/141), infections (2.9%; 4/141) and hardware failure (2. 2%; 3/141). Ten of the 141 patients (7.1%) had LCCK failure, including 3 (2.1%) for stiffness, 3 (2.1%) for hardware failure, 2 (1.4%) for infection, 1 (0.7%) for laxity and 1 (0.7%) for a peri-prosthetic fracture. No aseptic loosening was found. The total IKS score went from 65 [0-116] to 143 [79-200] at follow-up, the IKS knee score went from 30 [0-66] to 85 [44-100], and the IKS function score went from 35 [0 -70] to 57 [0-100]. The Oxford score went from 14 [2-25] to 34 [15-48] at follow-up. Only two patients (1.4%) presented with a partial periprosthetic line. The tibial CFR was 0.81 and the femoral CFR was 0.76. The influence of the CFR could not be analyzed due to the absence of loosening. Discussion: The LCCK™ prosthesis in primary surgery has good medium-term survival, a significant improvement in functional scores and a complication rate comparable to posteriorly stabilized prostheses. The complication rate is lower than that of hinged prostheses. Level of evidence: IV; Single-center retrospective study
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hal-04355183 , version 1 (20-12-2023)

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Antoine Urbain, Sophie Putman, Henry Migaud, Gilles Pasquier, Julien Girard, et al.. Long term results (after a mean 11.3 years, and up to 22 years, of follow-up) of the Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK™) in primary total knee arthroplasty.. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, 2023, Orthopaedics & Traumatology. Surgery & Research, pp.103795. ⟨10.1016/j.otsr.2023.103795⟩. ⟨hal-04355183⟩
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