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Article Dans Une Revue iScience Année : 2023

The role of dysregulated ghrelin/LEAP-2 balance in anorexia nervosa.

Résumé

LEAP-2 is a ghrelin antagonist with an anorexigenic drive. This study investigates the evolution of plasma ghrelin and LEAP-2 concentrations in 29 patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) before and after refeeding and compares it to physiological adaptations during fasting in healthy controls or to mouse model of chronic food restriction and refeeding. Acute and chronic food restriction decrease LEAP-2 and increase ghrelin concentrations in both humans and mice, while patients with AN displayed higher ghrelin and LEAP-2 concentrations before than after refeeding (p = 0.043). After 6 months follow-up, patients with unstable weight gain (n = 17) had significantly decreased LEAP-2 concentrations after refeeding (p = 0.044), in contrast to patients with stable weight gain (n = 12). We provide evidence that the ghrelin/LEAP-2 system is not regulated according to the nutritional status in AN, in contrast to what is physiologically expected when coping with food restriction.
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hal-04386915 , version 1 (11-01-2024)

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Chloé Tezenas Du Montcel, Philibert Duriez, Jingxian Cao, Nicolas Lebrun, Nicolas Ramoz, et al.. The role of dysregulated ghrelin/LEAP-2 balance in anorexia nervosa.. iScience, 2023, iScience, 26 (11), pp.107996. ⟨10.1016/j.isci.2023.107996⟩. ⟨hal-04386915⟩
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