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Article Dans Une Revue Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Année : 2020

International Survey on Determinants of Antibiotic Duration and Discontinuation in Pediatric Critically Ill Patients.

Yasser Kazzaz
  • Fonction : Auteur
Masanori Sato
  • Fonction : Auteur
Lalida Kongkiattikul
  • Fonction : Auteur
Yasemin Karaca
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Objectives: We hypothesized that antibiotic use in PICUs is based on criteria not always supported by evidence. We aimed to describe determinants of empiric antibiotic use in PICUs in eight different countries. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: PICUs in Canada, the United States, France, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Thailand, and Brazil. Subjects: Pediatric intensivists. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: We used literature review and focus groups to develop the survey and its clinical scenarios (pneumonia, septic shock, meningitis, and intra-abdominal infections) in which cultures were unreliable due to antibiotic pretreatment. Data analyses included descriptive statistics and linear regression with bootstrapped ses. Overall response rate was 39% (482/1,251), with individual country response rates ranging from 25% to 76%. Respondents in all countries prolonged antibiotic duration based on patient characteristics, disease severity, pathogens, and radiologic findings (from a median increase of 1.8 d [95% CI, 0.5–4.0 d] to 9.5 d [95% CI, 8.5–10.5 d]). Younger age, severe disease, and ventilator-associated pneumonia prolonged antibiotic treatment duration despite a lack of evidence for such practices. No variables were reported to shorten treatment duration for all countries. Importantly, more than 39% of respondents would use greater than or equal to 7 days of antibiotics for patients with a positive viral polymerase chain reaction test in all scenarios, except in France for pneumonia (29%), septic shock (13%), and meningitis (6%). The use of elevated levels of inflammatory markers to prolong antibiotic treatment duration varied among different countries. Conclusions: Antibiotic-related decisions are complex and may be influenced by cultural and contextual factors. Evidence-based criteria are necessary to guide antibiotic duration and ensure the rational use of antibiotics in PICUs.
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Dates et versions

hal-04387990 , version 1 (11-01-2024)

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Citer

Kim C. Noël, Jesse Papenburg, Jacques Lacroix, Caroline Quach, Sean O'Donnell, et al.. International Survey on Determinants of Antibiotic Duration and Discontinuation in Pediatric Critically Ill Patients.. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 2020, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 21 (9), pp.e696-e706. ⟨10.1097/PCC.0000000000002397⟩. ⟨hal-04387990⟩

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