Opinion on the re-evaluation of pectin (e 440i) and amidated pectin (e 440ii) as food additives in foods for infants below 16 weeks of age and follow-up of their re-evaluation as food additives for uses in foods for all population groups - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue EFSA Journal Année : 2021

Opinion on the re-evaluation of pectin (e 440i) and amidated pectin (e 440ii) as food additives in foods for infants below 16 weeks of age and follow-up of their re-evaluation as food additives for uses in foods for all population groups

Maged Younes
  • Fonction : Auteur
Gabriele Aquilina
  • Fonction : Auteur
Laurence Castle
  • Fonction : Auteur
Karl-Heinz Engel
  • Fonction : Auteur
Paul Fowler
  • Fonction : Auteur
Maria Jose Frutos Fernandez
  • Fonction : Auteur
Peter Furst
  • Fonction : Auteur
Rainer Gurtler
  • Fonction : Auteur
Trine Husoy
  • Fonction : Auteur
Melania Manco
  • Fonction : Auteur
Wim Mennes
  • Fonction : Auteur
Peter Moldeus
  • Fonction : Auteur
Sabina Passamonti
  • Fonction : Auteur
Romina Shah
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ine Waalkens-Berendsen
  • Fonction : Auteur
Detlef Wolfle
  • Fonction : Auteur
Matthew Wright
  • Fonction : Auteur
Birgit Dusemund
  • Fonction : Auteur
Alicja Mortensen
  • Fonction : Auteur
Stefania Barmaz
  • Fonction : Auteur
Alexandra Tard
  • Fonction : Auteur
Giorgia Vianello
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ursula Gundert-Remy
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Pectin (E 440i) and amidated pectin (E 440ii) were re-evaluated in 2017 by the former EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient sources added to Food (ANS). As a follow-up to this assessment, the Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings (FAF) was requested to assess the safety of pectins (E 440i,ii) for their uses as food additives in food for infants below 16 weeks of age. In addition, the FAF Panel was requested to address the issues already identified during the re-evaluation of the same food additive. The process involved the publication of a call for data to allow the interested business operators to provide the requested information to complete the risk assessment. Based on the information submitted in response to the call for data, the FAF Panel considered it feasible to amend the current specifications, in particular for the toxic elements arsenic, lead, cadmium, mercury and for sulfur dioxide and to introduce new specifications for aluminium and microbiological criteria. Studies on neonatal piglets, clinical studies and post-marketing data were made available during the call for data. Due to the low internal validity of the clinical studies, the Panel concluded that a reference point could not be derived from them, but the results of the adequate piglet study could serve to derive a reference point. When calculating the margin of safety for pectins exposure, this was below 1 for some scenarios. At the maximum permitted levels (MPLs), an internal methanol dose would be produced that could lead to adverse health effects in infants below 16 weeks of age. The FAF Panel recommended a reduction of the MPL of pectin (E 440i) and amidated pectin (E 440ii) in food categories 13.1.5.1 and 13.1.5.2, in order to reduce the exposure to both the additives themselves and to methanol.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
EFSA Journal - 2021 - - Opinion on the re‐evaluation of pectin E 440i and amidated pectin E 440ii as food additives in.pdf (5.74 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-04388040 , version 1 (11-01-2024)

Licence

Identifiants

Citer

Maged Younes, Gabriele Aquilina, Laurence Castle, Karl-Heinz Engel, Paul Fowler, et al.. Opinion on the re-evaluation of pectin (e 440i) and amidated pectin (e 440ii) as food additives in foods for infants below 16 weeks of age and follow-up of their re-evaluation as food additives for uses in foods for all population groups. EFSA Journal, 2021, EFSA Journal, 19, pp.e06387. ⟨10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6387⟩. ⟨hal-04388040⟩

Collections

RIIP UNIV-LILLE
3 Consultations
3 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More