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Article Dans Une Revue (Article De Synthèse) Journal of clinical medicine Année : 2020

Allogeneic transplantation in multiple myeloma-does it still have a place?

Résumé

Novel drugs have improved survival for patients with multiple myeloma in recent years. However, the disease is still fatal. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (Allo) has proven to cure some patients with the disease, but its role is controversial due to relatively high transplant-related toxicity and mortality (nonrelapse mortality, NRM). Using nonmyeloablative reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC), both toxicity and NRM can be reduced, and RICAllo is, therefore, an option for subgroups of patients. Upfront tandem autologous/RICAllo (Auto/RICAllo) was shown to be superior to single Auto or tandem Auto/Auto in both progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in two prospective studies with long-term follow-up, while three similarly designed studies did not detect a difference. A recent update of pooled patient data from four of these studies showed significantly superior PFS and OS with Auto/RICAllo. Importantly, none of these studies showed inferior results with Auto/RICAllo in patients less than 70 years of age. Auto/RICAllo appears to overcome some poor risk cytogenetic markers. Encouraging results have also been seen in treatment of relapsed patients. Combining Allo with new proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs may further improve results. Other encouraging new cell therapies such as with CAR T-cells, NK- and CAR NK-cells may well have a place in combination with RICAllo. Such studies are warranted.
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hal-04423907 , version 1 (01-02-2024)

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Gosta Gahrton, Simona Iacobelli, Laurent Garderet, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Stefan O. Schonland. Allogeneic transplantation in multiple myeloma-does it still have a place?. Journal of clinical medicine, 2020, Journal of clinical medicine, 9, ⟨10.3390/jcm9072180⟩. ⟨hal-04423907⟩
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