Single Dose Daily Fractionated Is Not Inferior To Twice A Day Fractionated Total Body Irradiation Prior To Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation For Acute Leukemia: A Useful Practice Simplification Resulting From The Sarasin Study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics Année : 2018

Single Dose Daily Fractionated Is Not Inferior To Twice A Day Fractionated Total Body Irradiation Prior To Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation For Acute Leukemia: A Useful Practice Simplification Resulting From The Sarasin Study.

Résumé

PURPOSE: Total-body irradiation (TBI) is a major constituent of myeloablative conditioning regimens. The standard technique consists of 12 Gy in 6 fractions over a period of 3 days. The Standard-fractionation compAred to one-daily fRaction total body irrAdiation prior to tranSplant In LEUkemia patieNts (SARASIN) study aimed to compare standard fractionation with once-daily fractionation before transplant in leukemia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively compared TBI regimens delivered in 2993 patients from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation database, who underwent transplantation between 2000 and 2014 for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL, n = 1729) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n = 1264). TBI was delivered as either 12 Gy in 6 fractions (group 1, considered the reference group; 1362 ALL and 857 AML patients), 9 to 12 Gy in 2 fractions (group 2, 173 ALL and 256 AML patients), or 12 Gy in 3 to 4 fractions (group 3, 194 ALL and 151 AML patients). RESULTS: The median follow-up was 60 and 84 months in ALL and AML patients, respectively. At 5 years, the leukemia-free survival rate, overall survival rate, relapse incidence, and nonrelapse mortality rate were 46.6%, 50.4%, 28.8%, and 24.6%, respectively, in ALL patients and 46.6%, 48.9%, 29.7%, and 23.6%, respectively, in AML patients. In multivariate analyses, the outcomes of groups 2 and 3 were not statistically different from those in group 1. The cumulative incidence of secondary malignancies (SMs) was significantly higher in group 2 (7.2%; P < 10(-6) for group 2 vs group 1). However, group 2 was not associated with an increase in SMs when we considered non-T-cell-depleted transplant patients. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that the 12-Gy fractionated TBI dose delivered either in 2 fractions or in 1 fraction per day over a period of 3 to 4 days resulted in nonsignificant differences in disease control and survival. However, 1-day fractionation may be associated with a higher risk of mucositis and hemorrhagic cystitis. The absence of a significant difference in the SM incidence in the non-T-cell-depleted group should be interpreted with caution in the context of a retrospective study design. Our findings are important to consider for radiation therapy department organization. In-depth analyses of other nonlethal toxicities and late effects are required.
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hal-04426508 , version 1 (30-01-2024)

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Yazid Belkacemi, Myriam Labopin, Sebastian Giebel, Gokoulakrichenane Loganadane, Leszek Miszczyk, et al.. Single Dose Daily Fractionated Is Not Inferior To Twice A Day Fractionated Total Body Irradiation Prior To Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation For Acute Leukemia: A Useful Practice Simplification Resulting From The Sarasin Study.. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 2018, International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 102, pp.515-526. ⟨10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.06.015⟩. ⟨hal-04426508⟩
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