Birth weight and breastfeeding are differentially associated with physical fitness components - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Année : 2022

Birth weight and breastfeeding are differentially associated with physical fitness components

Résumé

Background/objectives The study purpose was to assess the impact of birth weight and breastfeeding duration on physical fitness components. Subjects/methods Study participants were 985 adolescents boys and 1246 girls (12.5–17.5 years) participating in the HELENA study. Standardised physical fitness procedures included: cardio-respiratory fitness, flexibility, upper body muscular strength, and lower body explosive strength. Birth weight and breastfeeding duration were assessed by parents’ questionnaire. Associations between neonatal data and physical fitness were investigated using linear mixed models. Results Significant associations between body muscular strength, and breastfeeding duration were observed in the unadjusted analyses for boys. When adjusting for potential confounding factors (z-score body mass index, fat-free mass, fat mass), only lower body muscular strength, by standing broad jump-a proxy measure of muscular explosivity- was positively associated with breastfeeding duration. Furthermore, significant associations were observed between upper body muscular strength (by hand grip),—a proxy measure of muscular power—in boys as well as in girls. Conclusions Birth weight and breastfeeding duration have different effects on muscular strength components. The present results suggest that birth weight positively influences the development of muscular power, while breastfeeding duration positively influences muscular explosivity.
Fichier non déposé

Dates et versions

hal-04428490 , version 1 (31-01-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Laurent Beghin, Jeremy Vanhelst, Elodie Drumez, M. Kersting, D. Molnar, et al.. Birth weight and breastfeeding are differentially associated with physical fitness components. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2022, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76, p. 871-878. ⟨10.1038/s41430-021-01038-6⟩. ⟨hal-04428490⟩

Collections

RIIP UNIV-LILLE
9 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More