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Article Dans Une Revue Review of Scientific Instruments Année : 2024

The development of internal pressure standards for in-house elastic wave velocity measurements in multi-anvil presses

Résumé

Ultrasonic systems are powerful tools to determine elastic wave velocities of minerals and materials at high pressure and temperature and have been extensively developed in recent decades. However, accurate measurement of sample length is required to convert travel times into wave velocities, limiting their use to synchrotron facilities or room temperature experiments in laboratories. We have made use of a close collaboration between the Bayerisches Geoinstiut and the P61B end-station beamline (PETRA III - DESY) to install ultrasonic systems and develop a novel dual travel time method for in situ pressure determination without the need for synchrotron radiation. Our method relies on the travel times of elastic waves through a reference material; it requires a thermocouple and is non-intrusive, with the reference material replacing the backing plate of the high-pressure assembly. Pressures obtained from this dual travel time method show excellent agreement with those obtained from x-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation on standard materials. Our novel method enables in situ pressure determination at varying temperatures during in-house ultrasonic interferometry experiments. This allows us not only to determine the elastic behavior of minerals and materials but also to investigate phase diagrams, solidus, or liquidus conditions at varying pressures and temperatures during in-house experiments. During the installation of the pulse-echo ultrasonic system, we identified critical parameters for obtaining reliable data. While these requirements are well-known to experts, this study presents a comprehensive review of the different characteristics of ultrasonic systems, providing user-friendly guidelines for new users installing and operating such systems in high-pressure and high-temperature conditions.
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hal-04434841 , version 1 (02-02-2024)

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Adrien Neri, L. Man, Julien Chantel, R. Farla, G. Bauer, et al.. The development of internal pressure standards for in-house elastic wave velocity measurements in multi-anvil presses. Review of Scientific Instruments, 2024, Review of Scientific Instruments, 95 (1), pp.013902. ⟨10.1063/5.0169260⟩. ⟨hal-04434841⟩
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