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Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Nutrition Année : 2020

Mineral and vitamin intake of infants and young children: the Nutri-Bébé 2013 survey

Résumé

OBJECTIVE: Minerals and vitamins are essential for optimal growth and development, particularly during the first years of life. Therefore, regularly evaluating their intake makes sense. For this purpose, we report the data from the Nutri-Bébé 2013 survey in comparison with the European Food Safety Authority Adequate Intake (AI), or Average Requirement, (AR) according to age. METHODS: This observational, nationally representative, cross-sectional survey was conducted in 1035 non-breastfed French children aged 0.5-35 months. Dietary intake was recorded using a food diary on three non-consecutive days, framed by two face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The intake of zinc, magnesium and water-soluble vitamins most of the time met the recommendations. From the first weeks of life, sodium intake exceeded the AI, with a maximum median intake of 1137 mg/day after the age of 30 months. However, it has decreased since 2005. Calcium median intake often exceeded the AI or AR, reaching a maximum of 780 mg/day between 18 and 23 months. Median vitamin A intake always exceeded the AI or AR but exceeded the recommended upper limit in only a few cases. After 2 years, median iron intake was clearly below the AR, i.e. lower than 6.0 mg/day. Dietary vitamin D intake was below the AI, thereby justifying adequate supplementation. Vitamin E intake was below the AI in 50-75% of toddlers. CONCLUSIONS: This survey highlights excessive sodium intake as well as a shortfall of iron, vitamin D, and vitamin E intakes. The potential consequences of these discrepancies with respect to health outcomes remain to be assessed.
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hal-04438735 , version 1 (05-02-2024)

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Jean-Pierre Chouraqui, Gabriel Tavoularis, Dominique Turck, Constance Ferry, Francois Feillet. Mineral and vitamin intake of infants and young children: the Nutri-Bébé 2013 survey. European Journal of Nutrition, 2020, European Journal of Nutrition, 59, pp.2463-2480. ⟨10.1007/s00394-019-02093-3⟩. ⟨hal-04438735⟩

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