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Article Dans Une Revue (Article De Synthèse) Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research Année : 2023

What role for short stems in 2023?

Résumé

Current trends in total hip replacement aim at soft tissue and bone stock conservation. At the same time, mean patient age has been decreasing from decade to decade, raising the issue of iterative revision. Short stems seek to resolve the problem on the femoral side. Hopefully, revision of a short stem will be easier and bone stock depletion will be less than with a standard stem. Short stems also seem to have other advantages: automatically personalized biomechanical reconstruction, easier minimally invasive strategies, very low rate of hip pain, more harmonious distribution of bone stress, etc. Despite these advantages, however, use of short stems since their introduction in the late 1980s has varied from country to country, and is not widespread in France. The present study addressed several questions concerning these implants. Firstly, what is a “short” stem? Then, what are the indications and contraindications? Shortened standard stems do not come under the concept of short stem and will not be dealt with here. Furthermore, the learning curve and specificities of short stems need to be acquired. Implantation technique differs greatly from standard stems, and short stem implantation requires particular rigor. Results also need to be assessed, and especially the rate of complications as compared to standard stems. And lastly, it needs to be determined whether the advantages are real or only theoretical: this will determine their usefulness and role in the armamentarium, in which short stems are a new paradigm.
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Dates et versions

hal-04443547 , version 1 (07-02-2024)

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Julien Girard. What role for short stems in 2023?. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, 2023, Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, 110 (1), pp.103779. ⟨10.1016/j.otsr.2023.103779⟩. ⟨hal-04443547⟩
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