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Article Dans Une Revue Brain research Année : 2024

Early movement restriction affects the acquisition of neurodevelopmental reflexes in rat pups.

Résumé

Childhood is a period of construction of the organism, during which interactions with the environment and regular physical activity are necessary for the maturation of the neuronal networks. An atypical sensorimotor activity during childhood (due to bed-rest or neurodevelopmental disorders) impacts the development of the neuromuscular system. A model of sensorimotor restriction (SMR) developed in rats has shown that casting pups’ hind limbs from postnatal day 1 (P1) to P28 induced a severe perturbation of motor behavior, due to muscle weakness as well as disturbances within the central nervous system. In the present study, our objective was to determine whether SMR affects the early postnatal ontogenesis. We explored the neuromuscular development through the determination of the age for achievement of the main neurodevelopmental reflexes, which represent reliable indicators of neurological and behavioral development. We also evaluated the maturation of postural control. Our results demonstrate that SMR induces a delay in the motor development, illustrated by a several days delay in the acquisition of a mature posture and in the acquisition reflexes: hind limb grasping, righting, hind limb placing, cliff avoidance, negative geotaxis. In conclusion, impaired physical activity and low interactions with environment during early development result in altered maturation of the nervous system.

Dates et versions

hal-04443616 , version 1 (07-02-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Orlane Dupuis, Melanie van Gaever, Valerie Montel, Julie Dereumetz, Jacques-Olivier Coq, et al.. Early movement restriction affects the acquisition of neurodevelopmental reflexes in rat pups.. Brain research, 2024, Brain research, 1828, pp.148773. ⟨10.1016/j.brainres.2024.148773⟩. ⟨hal-04443616⟩
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