Free lipoproteins from Bifidobacterium longum alleviate osteoarthritis through modulation of the gut microbiome. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Microbiome Research Reports Année : 2023

Free lipoproteins from Bifidobacterium longum alleviate osteoarthritis through modulation of the gut microbiome.

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Aim: The “gut-joint” axis is suspected to be involved in the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA). The present study aims at investigating the potential of lipoproteins (Lpps) secreted by Bifidobacterium longum to alleviate OA progression in the rat. Methods: Experimental OA was induced in rats harbouring Schaedler Flora maintained in SPF conditions. Two weeks post-injection, 20 rats were randomized to water (n = 10) or 0.3 mg/L Lpps solution (n = 10). Weight and food intake were monitored for 6 weeks. At sacrifice, joints were scored using macroscopic and histological criteria. Serum LPS, Schaedler flora as well as selected intestinal bacteria were analyzed. Results: Lpps intake prevents OA progression. The protected rats showed a significant increase in lactobacilli along the intestine as well as in Mucispirillum schaedleri in the colon and a significant decrease in Parabacteroides goldsteini and Akkermansia in caecum and colon, respectively. There was no significant difference in serum lipopolysaccharide or bacteria translocating in Peyer's patches. Labelled Lpps were not detected in bone marrow of the OA joint. The principal component analysis points out that OA prevention is primarily associated with bacteria involved in the tryptophane degradation pathway and SCFA formation. Conclusion: In rats deprived of bifidobacteria, intake of B.longum Lpps prevented OA development and modulated the intestinal microbiome with a possible impact on the bacterial end-products. The link between Lpps and the gut microbial metabolome warrants further investigation.
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hal-04443645 , version 1 (07-02-2024)

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Famara Sane, Frank Piva, Marie-Benedicte Romond. Free lipoproteins from Bifidobacterium longum alleviate osteoarthritis through modulation of the gut microbiome.. Microbiome Research Reports, 2023, Microbiome Research Reports, 2, pp.18. ⟨10.20517/mrr.2023.12⟩. ⟨hal-04443645⟩

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