Is vaginal delivery of a fetus in breech presentation at an extremely preterm gestational age associated with an increased risk of neonatal death? A comparative study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue PLoS ONE Année : 2021

Is vaginal delivery of a fetus in breech presentation at an extremely preterm gestational age associated with an increased risk of neonatal death? A comparative study.

Résumé

Background The effect on neonatal mortality of mode of delivery of a fetus in breech presentation at an extremely preterm gestational age remains controversial. Objective To compare mortality associated with planned vaginal delivery (PVD) of fetuses in breech presentation with that of fetuses in breech presentation with a planned cesarean delivery (PCD). Material and methods Retrospective study reviewing records over a 19-year period in a level 3 university referral center of singleton infants born between 25+0 and 27+6 weeks of gestation, alive on arrival in the delivery room, and weighing at least 500 grams at birth. Infants in the first group were in breech presentation with PVD and the second in breech presentation with PCD. The principal endpoint was neonatal death. Results During the study period, we observed 113 breech presentations with PVD, and 80 breech presentations with PCD. Although not significant after adjustment, neonatal mortality in the breech PVD group was more than twice that of the breech PCD group (19.5 vs 7.8%, P = 0.031, ORa = 2.6, 95% CI 0.8–9.3, NNT = 8). This higher neonatal mortality in the breech PVD group was exclusively associated with a higher risk of death in the delivery room (12.4 vs 0.0% P = 0.001, OR not calculable, NNT = 8). In these extremely preterm breech presentations with PVD, neonatal mortality in the delivery room was associated with entrapment of the aftercoming head, cord prolapse, and a short duration of labor. Conclusion For deliveries between 25+0 and 27+6 weeks’ gestation, vaginal delivery in breech presentation is associated with a higher risk of death in the delivery room.
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hal-04446326 , version 1 (08-02-2024)

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C. Pierre, A. Leroy, A. Pierache, Laurent Storme, Veronique Debarge, et al.. Is vaginal delivery of a fetus in breech presentation at an extremely preterm gestational age associated with an increased risk of neonatal death? A comparative study.. PLoS ONE, 2021, PLoS ONE, 16, pp.e0258303. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0258303⟩. ⟨hal-04446326⟩

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