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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Année : 2022

Oral mucosal melanoma - a systematic review

Résumé

Oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) is the subject of few studies, resulting in a lack of understanding. The aim of this study is to review the current literature on OMM. The term searched was "oral mucosal melanoma" between 01/01/2000 and 03/15/2021 in the PubMed Database (MEDLINE). Patients presenting with OMM and treated in our center between January 2009 and January 2020 were included in a case series. Demographics, location, risk factors, genetic mutations, treatment performed, and overall survival (OS) rates were evaluated. The PubMed database search yielded a total of 513 results, thirty-eight articles were finally included, which amounted to 2230 cases of OMM. 13 patients were included in the case series. A male-to-female ratio of 1.28:1.00 was found with a mean age at first diagnosis of 58.2 years old. Hard palate (1060 cases) and then gingiva (794 cases) were the two main locations. No risk factors could be identified. OMM were staged III or IV at diagnosis. Mutations were described as such: KIT in 14.6% of cases, BRAF in 7%, and NRAS in 5.6%. Treatment protocols varied but radical surgery was the cornerstone treatment associated with adjuvant therapies. Immunotherapy has not been evaluated for OMM. OS rates were 43.4% at 3 years, 33.1% at 5 year and 15.4% at 10 years. OMM show distinct features from cutaneous melanoma (CM): typical locations, no identified risk factors, different mutations profile, worse prognosis with advanced stage at diagnosis. Targeted therapies are still underused compared to CM.

Dates et versions

hal-04459584 , version 1 (15-02-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Antoine Thuaire, Romain Nicot, Marie Boileau, Gwénaël Raoul, Clothilde Descarpentries, et al.. Oral mucosal melanoma - a systematic review. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2022, Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 123 (5), pp.e425-e432. ⟨10.1016/j.jormas.2022.02.002⟩. ⟨hal-04459584⟩
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