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Article Dans Une Revue The Journal of craniofacial surgery Année : 2020

Temporomandibular joint dysplasia in cranio-maxillofacial dysplasia: a retrospective study. Guideline treatment proposal

Résumé

BACKGROUND: Cranio-Maxillofacial Dysplasias (CMD), including Craniofacial Microsomias, syndromes (such as Treacher Collins or Williams) and isolated Condylo-Mandibulo-Dysplasia, is a controversial subject with treatments as diverse as diagnostic classifications. The authors present here a retrospective study of 85 patients, with congenital condyle dysplasia arising from these 3 main types of CMD, treated with different techniques that aimed to normalize the facial skeleton and occlusion. METHODS: The authors studied retrospectively 85 patients, aged from 3 to 53 years old, affected by different types of CMD. Treatment options included: costochondral grafts, orthognathic surgeries, distraction osteogenesis procedures, orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic treatments, and soft tissues surgeries. Outcomes were evaluated by the surgical team. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were treated with costochondral grafting, 14 with distraction osteogenesis, 17 with orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic, and 45 with orthognathic surgery. The authors did not perform any nerve grafting or temporomandibular joints prosthesis placement. Fifty-one patients presented an excellent result, 10 a good result, 9 a poor result, 2 a bad result, and 14 an unknown result. CONCLUSIONS: Several different treatments of CMD can be proposed. The authors think that major defect in children should undergo costochondral grafting because of its growth potential while in case of minor defect, orthopedic treatment should be tried in the first place. Distraction osteogenesis should be reserved for cases with poor response after orthopedic treatment or growth insufficiency with costochondral grafting. Orthognathic surgery is often necessary at the end of the growth period to obtain an excellent result. Temporomandibular joints prosthesis should be reserved for extreme cases.

Dates et versions

hal-04461534 , version 1 (16-02-2024)

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Citer

Joel Ferri, Matthias Schlund, Sandrine Touzet-Roumazeille, James J. Sciote, Romain Nicot. Temporomandibular joint dysplasia in cranio-maxillofacial dysplasia: a retrospective study. Guideline treatment proposal. The Journal of craniofacial surgery, 2020, The Journal of craniofacial surgery, 32, pp.1014-1021. ⟨10.1097/SCS.0000000000007049⟩. ⟨hal-04461534⟩

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