Multisensory peripersonal space: Visual looming stimuli induce stronger response facilitation to tactile than auditory and visual stimulations - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Cortex Année : 2024

Multisensory peripersonal space: Visual looming stimuli induce stronger response facilitation to tactile than auditory and visual stimulations

Résumé

Anticipating physical contact with objects in the environment is a key component of efficient motor performance. Peripersonal neurons are thought to play a determinant role in these predictions by enhancing responses to touch when combined with visual stimuli in peripersonal space (PPS). However, recent research challenges the idea that this visuo-tactile integration contributing to the prediction of tactile events occurs strictly in PPS. We hypothesised that enhanced sensory sensitivity in a multisensory context involves not only contact anticipation but also heightened attention towards near-body visual stimuli. To test this hypothesis, Experiment 1 required participants to respond promptly to tactile (probing contact anticipation) and auditory (probing enhanced attention) stimulations presented at different moments of the trajectory of a (social and non-social) looming visual stimulus. Reduction in reaction time as compared to a unisensory baseline was observed from an egocentric distance of around 2 m (inside and outside PPS) for all multisensory conditions and types of visual stimuli. Experiment 2 tested whether these facilitation effects still occur in the absence of a multisensory context, i.e., in a visuo-visual condition. Overall, facilitation effects induced by the looming visual stimulus were comparable in the three sensory modalities outside PPS but were more pronounced for the tactile modality inside PPS (84 cm from the body as estimated by a reachability judgement task). Considered together, the results suggest that facilitation effects induced by visual looming stimuli in multimodal sensory processing rely on the combination of attentional factors and contact anticipation depending on their distance from the body.
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Dates et versions

hal-04469157 , version 1 (20-02-2024)

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Laurie Geers, Paul Kozieja, Yann Coello. Multisensory peripersonal space: Visual looming stimuli induce stronger response facilitation to tactile than auditory and visual stimulations. Cortex, 2024, Cortex, ⟨10.1016/j.cortex.2024.01.008⟩. ⟨hal-04469157⟩
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