Use of p-values and the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" in abstracts in the european annals of otorhinolaryngology, head & neck diseases - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases Année : 2019

Use of p-values and the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" in abstracts in the european annals of otorhinolaryngology, head & neck diseases

Résumé

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of P-values and the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" in Abstracts in the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Diseases. METHODS: Consecutive articles accepted for publication during the period January 2016 - February 2019 were systematically reviewed. Main goal: descriptive analysis of the citation of P-values and use of the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" in Abstracts. Secondary goal: analytic study of: (i) correlations between citation of a P-value and the main characteristics of authors and topics; and (ii) misuse of the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" with respect to cited P-values, and correlations with author and topic characteristics. RESULTS: In all, 91 articles were included. P-values and the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" were cited in 35.1%, 41.7%, 10.9% and 0% of Abstracts, respectively. Citing a P-value did not significantly correlate with author or topic characteristics. There were discrepancies between the terms "non-significant", "significant" and "suggestive" and P-values given in the body of the article in 57.1% of Abstracts, with 30.7% overestimation and 25.2% underestimation of results, without significant correlation with author or topic characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Authors, editors and reviewers must pay particular attention to the spin resulting from inappropriate use of the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" in Abstracts of articles submitted to the European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Diseases, to improve the rigor, quality and value of the scientific message delivered to the reader.

Dates et versions

hal-04472402 , version 1 (22-02-2024)

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Olliverre Laccourreye, Quentin Lisan, Pierre Bonfils, Renaud Garrel, Roger Jankowski, et al.. Use of p-values and the terms "significant", "non-significant" and "suggestive" in abstracts in the european annals of otorhinolaryngology, head & neck diseases. European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases, 2019, European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases, 136, pp.469-473. ⟨10.1016/j.anorl.2019.10.008⟩. ⟨hal-04472402⟩
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