Hypothalamic neuroglial plasticity is regulated by anti-Müllerian hormone and disrupted in polycystic ovary syndrome. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue EBioMedicine Année : 2023

Hypothalamic neuroglial plasticity is regulated by anti-Müllerian hormone and disrupted in polycystic ovary syndrome.

Q. Yu
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Candlish
  • Fonction : Auteur
U. Boehm
  • Fonction : Auteur
F. D. Bello
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Medana
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common reproductive-endocrine disorder affecting between 5 and 18% of women worldwide. An elevated frequency of pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion and higher serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) are frequently observed in women with PCOS. The origin of these abnormalities is, however, not well understood. Methods We studied brain structure and function in women with and without PCOS using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and diffusion tensor imaging combined with fiber tractography. Then, using a mouse model of PCOS, we investigated by electron microscopy whether AMH played a role on the regulation of hypothalamic structural plasticity. Findings Increased AMH serum levels are associated with increased hypothalamic activity/axonal-glial signalling in PCOS patients. Furthermore, we demonstrate that AMH promotes profound micro-structural changes in the murine hypothalamic median eminence (ME), creating a permissive environment for GnRH secretion. These include the retraction of the processes of specialized AMH-sensitive ependymo-glial cells called tanycytes, allowing more GnRH neuron terminals to approach ME blood capillaries both during the run-up to ovulation and in a mouse model of PCOS. Interpretation We uncovered a central function for AMH in the regulation of fertility by remodeling GnRH terminals and their tanycytic sheaths, and provided insights into the pivotal role of the brain in the establishment and maintenance of neuroendocrine dysfunction in PCOS.

Dates et versions

hal-04474470 , version 1 (23-02-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Anne-Laure Barbotin, Nour El Houda Mimouni, Gregory Kuchcinski, Romain Viard, Sowmyalakshmi Rasika, et al.. Hypothalamic neuroglial plasticity is regulated by anti-Müllerian hormone and disrupted in polycystic ovary syndrome.. EBioMedicine, 2023, EBioMedicine, 90, pp.104535. ⟨10.1016/j.ebiom.2023.104535⟩. ⟨hal-04474470⟩
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