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Article Dans Une Revue Modern Pathology Année : 2018

Intratubular amyloid in light chain cast nephropathy is a risk factor for systemic light chain amyloidosis

Résumé

Light chain cast nephropathy is the most common form of kidney disease in patients with multiple myeloma. Light chain casts may occasionally show amyloid staining properties, that is, green birefringence after Congo red staining. The frequency and clinical significance of this intratubular amyloid are poorly understood. Here, we retrospectively assessed the clinicopathological features of 60 patients with histologically proven light chain cast nephropathy with a specific emphasis on intratubular amyloid, especially, its association with extrarenal systemic light chain amyloidosis. We found intratubular amyloid in 17 cases (17/60, 28%) and it was more frequent in patients with λ light chain gammopathy (13/17 in the 'intratubular amyloid' group vs 19/43 in the 'no intratubular amyloid' group, P=0.02). Pathological examination of extrarenal specimens showed that intratubular amyloid was significantly associated with the occurrence of systemic light chain amyloidosis (5/13 in the 'intratubular amyloid' group vs 0/30 in the 'no intratubular amyloid' group, P=0.001). Our results indicate that first, intratubular amyloid is not a rare finding in kidney biopsies of patients with light chain cast nephropathy, and, second, it reflects an amyloidogenic capacity of light chains that can manifest as systemic light chain amyloidosis. Thus, intratubular amyloid should be systematically screened for in kidney biopsies from patients with light chain cast nephropathy and, if detected, should prompt a work-up for associated systemic light chain amyloidosis.

Dates et versions

hal-04474897 , version 1 (23-02-2024)

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Jean-Baptiste Gibier, Viviane Gnemmi, Francois Glowacki, Eileen M. Boyle, Benjamin Lopez, et al.. Intratubular amyloid in light chain cast nephropathy is a risk factor for systemic light chain amyloidosis. Modern Pathology, 2018, Modern Pathology, 31, pp.452-462. ⟨10.1038/modpathol.2017.124⟩. ⟨hal-04474897⟩
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