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Article Dans Une Revue Children Année : 2021

Breakfast Dietary Pattern Is Inversely Associated with Overweight/Obesity in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study.

L. T. Cacau
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. de Miguel-Etayo
  • Fonction : Auteur
A. M. Santaliestra-Pasías
  • Fonction : Auteur
N. Giménez-Legarre
  • Fonction : Auteur
D. M. Marchioni
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Molina-Hidalgo
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. Censi
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. González-Gross
  • Fonction : Auteur
E. Grammatikaki
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Breidenassel
  • Fonction : Auteur
T. de Ruyter
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Kersting
  • Fonction : Auteur
O. Androutsos
  • Fonction : Auteur
S. Gómez-Martinez
  • Fonction : Auteur
A. Kafatos
  • Fonction : Auteur
K. Widhalm
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. Stehle
  • Fonction : Auteur
D. Molnár
  • Fonction : Auteur
Y. Manios
  • Fonction : Auteur
S. de Henauw
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. A. Moreno
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Obesity in children and adolescents is a public health problem and diet can play a major role in this condition. We aimed to identify sex-specific dietary patterns (DP) and to evaluate the association with overweight/obesity in European adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis with 2327 adolescents aged between 12.5 to 17.5 years from a multicenter study across Europe. The body mass index was categorized in “normal weight” and “overweight/obesity”. Two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls were collected with a computerized self-reported software. Principal component factor analysis was used to identify DP. Mixed-effect logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between the sex-specific DP and overweight/obesity outcome. As a result, we found three DP in boys (snacking and bread, Mediterranean diet, and breakfast) and four DP in girls (convenience, plant-based and eggs, Western, and breakfast). The association between DP and overweight/obesity highlights that those adolescents with higher adherence to the breakfast DP had lower odds for overweight/obesity, even after the inclusion of covariables in the adjustments. In European adolescents, the breakfast DP positively characterized by breakfast cereals, fruit, milk, and dairy and negatively characterized by sugar-sweetened beverages in boys and negatively characterized by cereals (pasta, rice, and others) in girls, was inversely associated with overweight/obesity.
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hal-04480699 , version 1 (27-02-2024)

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L. T. Cacau, P. de Miguel-Etayo, A. M. Santaliestra-Pasías, N. Giménez-Legarre, D. M. Marchioni, et al.. Breakfast Dietary Pattern Is Inversely Associated with Overweight/Obesity in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study.. Children, 2021, Children, 8, ⟨10.3390/children8111044⟩. ⟨hal-04480699⟩

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