Dupilumab in Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis and Prior Use of Systemic Non-Steroidal Immunosuppressants: Analysis of Four Phase 3 Trials - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Dermatologic Therapy Année : 2021

Dupilumab in Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis and Prior Use of Systemic Non-Steroidal Immunosuppressants: Analysis of Four Phase 3 Trials

C. Griffiths
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. de Bruin-Weller
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Deleuran
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. C. Fargnoli
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. H. Hong
  • Fonction : Auteur
J. Sanchez-Carazo
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. Foley
  • Fonction : Auteur
S. J. Seo
  • Fonction : Auteur
Z. Chen
  • Fonction : Auteur
S. L. Cyr
  • Fonction : Auteur
A. B. Rossi
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Introduction Dupilumab is approved as first-line systemic treatment for adults/adolescents with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) in Europe and elsewhere owing to its favourable benefit–risk profile. However, systemic non-steroidal immunosuppressants (NSISS) are often used as first-line therapy in clinical practice. Impact of prior therapy with NSISS on dupilumab’s treatment effect vs. control has not been described previously. This study assessed dupilumab’s efficacy vs. control in patients with moderate-to-severe AD, comparing treatment effect in patients with/without prior systemic NSISS therapy, in four phase 3 trials. Methods This post hoc analysis included 1553 patients randomized to placebo or dupilumab (300 mg q2w) as monotherapy for 16 weeks, or with concomitant topical corticosteroids (TCS) for 16/52 weeks, from four randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trials. Patients were stratified by prior use of systemic NSISS and dupilumab-treated patients were analysed against control groups (treated with placebo or placebo + TCS). Results Dupilumab-treated patients, regardless of prior treatment with NSISS, achieved a significantly higher percentage reduction from baseline in Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD), Dermatology life Quality Index (DLQI), and Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM) vs. control; significantly more achieved EASI score ≤ 7, Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale ≤ 4, POEM ≤ 7, and DLQI ≤ 5 by week 4. These rapid, significant improvements were seen with or without concomitant TCS and sustained through end-of-treatment. Conclusions Dupilumab treatment (monotherapy or + TCS) provides rapid, significant, sustained improvements in signs, symptoms, and quality of life in patients with moderate-to-severe AD compared with control, regardless of prior systemic NSISS use. Clinical Trial Registration LIBERTY AD SOLO 1: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02277743, EudraCT 2014-001198-15. LIBERTY AD SOLO 2: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02277769, EudraCT 2014-002619-40. LIBERTY AD CHRONOS: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02260986, EudraCT 2013-003254-24. LIBERTY AD CAFÉ: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02755649, EudraCT 2015-002653-35.
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hal-04483360 , version 1 (29-02-2024)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale

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Citer

C. Griffiths, M. de Bruin-Weller, M. Deleuran, M. C. Fargnoli, Delphine Staumont, et al.. Dupilumab in Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis and Prior Use of Systemic Non-Steroidal Immunosuppressants: Analysis of Four Phase 3 Trials. Dermatologic Therapy, 2021, Dermatologic Therapy, -, ⟨10.1007/s13555-021-00558-0⟩. ⟨hal-04483360⟩

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