Changes in (poly)phenols intake and metabolic syndrome risk over ten years from adolescence to adulthood. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Année : 2022

Changes in (poly)phenols intake and metabolic syndrome risk over ten years from adolescence to adulthood.

Résumé

Background and aims (Poly)phenols might contribute to prevent cardiovascular disease, but limited prospective studies exist among adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate within-subject longitudinal changes in (poly)phenols intakes and food group contributors while also exploring the association with metabolic syndrome risk (MetS) during 10 years of follow up in European adolescents becoming young adults. Methods and results In 164 participants (58% girls, 13-18 y at baseline) from Ghent, Zaragoza and Lille, longitudinal data (2006–2016) on (poly)phenol intake was retrieved via 2 or 3 24 h recalls. Linear and logistic longitudinal regression tested the association of (poly)phenols intake (total and classes) with Mets risk or its components (waist-height-ratio, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure and insulin resistance index), adjusted for age, sex, country and other nutrient intakes. The total (poly)phenols intake was 421 ± 107 mg/day (192 mg/1000 kcal/day) at baseline, while 610 ± 101 mg/day (311 mg/1000 kcal/day) at follow-up. The three major food sources for (poly)phenols were ‘chocolate’, ‘fruit and vegetable juices’, ‘cakes and biscuits’ during adolescence and ‘coffee’, ‘tea’ and ‘chocolate’ during adulthood. Phenolic acid intake was associated with less LDL increase over time, while stilbene intake with a steeper increase in triglycerides over time. Conclusions Differences in major (poly)phenols contributors over time were partially explained by age-specific dietary changes like increased coffee and tea during adulthood. Some significant (poly)phenols-MetS associations might argue for nutrition-based disease prevention during adolescence, especially since adolescents had low (poly)phenols intake.
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Dates et versions

hal-04488441 , version 1 (04-03-2024)

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Ratih W. Wisnuwardani, Stefaan de Henauw, Laurent Beghin, Maria Isabel Mesana, Fréderic Gottrand, et al.. Changes in (poly)phenols intake and metabolic syndrome risk over ten years from adolescence to adulthood.. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2022, Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 32, pp.1830-1840. ⟨10.1016/j.numecd.2022.04.015⟩. ⟨hal-04488441⟩

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