Surface Properties of <i>N,N</i>-Dimethylformamide-Water Mixtures, As Seen from Computer Simulations. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Physical Chemistry B Année : 2023

Surface Properties of N,N-Dimethylformamide-Water Mixtures, As Seen from Computer Simulations.

Résumé

The liquid–vapor interface of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF)–water mixtures, spanning the entire composition range, is investigated in detail at 298 K by molecular dynamics simulation and intrinsic surface analysis. DMF molecules are found to adsorb strongly at the liquid surface, but this adsorption extends only to the first molecular layer. Water and DMF molecules mix with each other on the molecular scale even in the surface layer; thus, no marked self-association of any of the components is seen at the liquid surface. The major surface component prefers such orientation in which the molecular dipole vector lays parallel with the macroscopic plane of the surface. On the other hand, the preferred orientation of the minor component is determined, at both ends of the composition range, by the possibility of H-bond formation with the major component. The lack of H-donating ability of DMF leads to a rapid breakup of the percolating H-bond network at the surface; due to the strong adsorption of DMF, this breakup occurs below the bulk phase DMF mole fraction of 0.03. The disruption of the surface H-bond network also accelerates the exchange of both species between the liquid surface and bulk liquid phase, although, for water, this effect becomes apparent only above a bulk phase DMF mole fraction of 0.4. H-bonds formed by a DMF and a water molecule live, on average, 25–60% longer than those formed by two water molecules at the liquid surface. A similar, but smaller (i.e., about 10–20%) difference is seen in the bulk liquid phase. The enhanced surface mobility of the molecules results in 2–6 times larger diffusion coefficient and 2–5 times shorter H-bond lifetime values at the liquid surface than in the bulk liquid phase. The diffusion of both molecules is slowed down in the presence of the other species; in the case of DMF, this effect is caused by the formation of water–DMF H-bonds, whereas for water, steric hindrances imposed by the bulky DMF neighbors are responsible for this slowing down.
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Dates et versions

hal-04498548 , version 1 (11-03-2024)

Identifiants

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B. Honti, B. Fábián, Nacer Idrissi, P. Jedlovszky. Surface Properties of N,N-Dimethylformamide-Water Mixtures, As Seen from Computer Simulations.. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2023, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcb.2c07572⟩. ⟨hal-04498548⟩
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