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Article Dans Une Revue Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Année : 2019

Calcium state estimation by total calcium: the evidence to end the never-ending story

Résumé

Total blood calcium (TCa) is routinely used to diagnose and manage mineral and bone metabolism disorders. Numerous laboratories adjust TCa by albumin, though literature suggests there are some limits to this approach. Here we report a large retrospective study on agreement rate between ionized calcium (iCa) measurement and TCa or albumin-adjusted calcium measurements. Methods We retrospectively selected 5055 samples with simultaneous measurements of iCa, TCa, albumin and pH. We subgrouped our patients according to their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albumin levels and pH. We analyzed each patient's calcium state with iCa as reference to determine agreement rate with TCa and albumin-adjusted calcium using Payne, Clase, Jain and Ridefelt formulas. Results The Payne formula performed poorly in patients with abnormal albumin, eGFR or pH levels. In patients with low albumin levels or blood pH disorders, Payne-adjusted calcium may overestimate the calcium state in up to 80% of cases. Similarly, TCa has better agreement with iCa in the case of hypoalbuminemia, but performed similarly to the Payne formula in patients with physiological albumin levels. The global agreement rate for Clase, Jain and Ridefelt formulas suggests significant improvement compared to Payne calcium adjustment but no significant improvement compared to TCa. Conclusions Total and albumin-adjusted calcium measurement leads to a misclassification of calcium status. Moreover, accurate calcium state determination depends on blood pH levels, whose measurement requires the same pre-analytical restrictions as iCa measurement. We propose that iCa should instead become the reference method to determine the real calcium state.
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Dates et versions

hal-04502256 , version 1 (13-03-2024)

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Jean-David Pekar, Guillaume Grzych, Gatien Durand, Joel Haas, Arnaud Lionet, et al.. Calcium state estimation by total calcium: the evidence to end the never-ending story. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2019, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 58 (2), pp.222-231. ⟨10.1515/cclm-2019-0568⟩. ⟨hal-04502256⟩
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