Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis with Post Transplant Cyclophosphamide in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia patients undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant from either an Unrelated or Mismatched Related Donor: a comparative study from the Chr... - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Année : 2023

Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis with Post Transplant Cyclophosphamide in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia patients undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant from either an Unrelated or Mismatched Related Donor: a comparative study from the Chr...

Didier Blaise

Résumé

Outcomes following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) using an unrelated donor (UD) or a mismatched related donor (MMRD) remain unknown. We report a retrospective comparison of PTCy-based allo-HCT from a UD, non-PTCy allo-HCT from a UD, and PTCy allo-HCT from an MMRD. Inclusion criteria were adult patients with CML undergoing first allo-HCT between 2012 and 2019 from a UD with either PTCy or non-PTCy graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis or from an MMRD using PTCy. The primary endpoint was GVHD-free/relapse-free survival (GRFS). A total of 1341 patients were included (82% in the non-PTCy UD cohort). With a median follow-up of 34.9 months, the 3-year GRFS was 43% in the non-PTCy cohort, 37% in the PTCy-UD cohort, and 39% PTCy-MMRD cohort (P = .15). Multivariable analyses revealed no significant differences among the 3 cohorts in terms of overall survival (OS), progression-free survival, RI, and nonrelapse mortality. Factors independently associated with worse OS in the overall cohort were Karnofsky Performance Status <90 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41 to 2.45; P < .001), older age (HR, 1.24, 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.38; P < .001), and disease stage (compared to chronic phase [CP] 1): blast phase (HR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.60 to 3.16; P < .001), accelerated phase (HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.05 to 2.54; P = .03), and CP >2 (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.15 to 2.17; P = .005). These results suggest that allo-HCT in patients with CML using either a UD or an MMRD with PTCy-based GVHD prophylaxis are feasible transplantation, platforms and that the disease stage at allo-HCT remains a major prognostic factor, highlighting the importance of closely monitoring CML patients and proposing transplantation when indicated when still in CP1.

Dates et versions

hal-04512778 , version 1 (20-03-2024)

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Guillermo Ortí, Luuk Gras, Linda Koster, Aleksander Kulagin, Jenny Byrne, et al.. Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis with Post Transplant Cyclophosphamide in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia patients undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant from either an Unrelated or Mismatched Related Donor: a comparative study from the Chr.... Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, 2023, Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, ⟨10.1016/j.jtct.2023.09.019⟩. ⟨hal-04512778⟩
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