Survival advantage of treosulfan plus fludarabine (FT14) compared to busulfan plus fludarabine (FB4) in active acute myeloid leukemia post allogeneic transplantation: an analysis from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP). - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Bone Marrow Transplantation Année : 2023

Survival advantage of treosulfan plus fludarabine (FT14) compared to busulfan plus fludarabine (FB4) in active acute myeloid leukemia post allogeneic transplantation: an analysis from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP).

Rose-Marie Hamladji
  • Fonction : Auteur
Tsila Zuckerman
  • Fonction : Auteur
Moshe Yeshurun
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ana Berceanu
  • Fonction : Auteur
Inken Hilgendorf
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

We compared FT14 (fludarabine 150–160 mg/m2, treosulfan 42 g/m2) versus FB4 (fludarabine 150–160 mg/m2, busulfan 12.8 mg/kg) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transplanted at primary refractory/relapsed disease. We retrospectively studied: (a) adults diagnosed with AML, (b) recipients of first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from unrelated/sibling donor (2010–2020), (c) HSCT with primary refractory/relapsed disease, (d) conditioning regimen with FT14 or FB4. We studied 346 patients, 113 transplanted with FT14, and 233 with FΒ4. FT14 patients were significantly older, more frequently had an unrelated donor and had received a lower dose of fludarabine. Cumulative incidence (CI) of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade III-IV and extensive chronic GVHD was similar. With a median follow-up of 28.7 months, 2-year CI of relapse was 43.4% in FT14 versus 53.2% in FB4, while non-relapse mortality (NRM) was respectively 20.8% versus 22.6%. This led to 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) of 35.8% for FT14 versus 24.2% in FB4, and overall survival (OS) of 44.4% versus 34%. Adverse cytogenetics and conditioning regimen independently predicted CI of relapse. Furthermore, conditioning regimen was the only independent predictor of LFS, OS, and GVHD-free/relapse-free survival. Therefore, our real-world multicenter study suggests that FT14 is associated with better outcomes in primary refractory/relapsed AML.
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hal-04513492 , version 1 (20-03-2024)

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Eleni Gavriilaki, Ioanna Sakellari, Myriam Labopin, Martin Bornhäuser, Rose-Marie Hamladji, et al.. Survival advantage of treosulfan plus fludarabine (FT14) compared to busulfan plus fludarabine (FB4) in active acute myeloid leukemia post allogeneic transplantation: an analysis from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP).. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 2023, Bone Marrow Transplantation, ⟨10.1038/s41409-023-02028-x⟩. ⟨hal-04513492⟩
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