Quantitative approach to early neonatal EEG visual analysis in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy severity: Bridging the gap between eyes and machine - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology Année : 2021

Quantitative approach to early neonatal EEG visual analysis in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy severity: Bridging the gap between eyes and machine

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AbstractObjectivesTo identify relevant quantitative parameters for early classification of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) severity from conventional EEGs.MethodsNinety EEGs, recorded in full-term infants within 6 h of life after perinatal hypoxia, were visually classified according to the French EEG classification into three groups of increasing HIE severity.Physiologically significant EEG features (signal amplitude, continuity and frequency content) were automatically quantified using different parameters. The EEG parameters selection was based on their ability to reproduce the visual EEG classification. Post hoc analysis based on clinical outcome was performed.ResultsSix EEG parameters were selected, with overall EEG classification performances between 61% and 70%. All parameters differed significantly between group 3 (severe) and groups 1 (normal-mildly abnormal) and 2 (moderate) EEGs (p < 0.001). Amplitude and discontinuity parameters were different between the 3 groups (p < 0.01) and were also the best predictors of clinical outcome. Conversely, pH and lactate did not differ between groups.DiscussionThis study provides quantitative EEG parameters that are complementary to visual analysis as early markers of neonatal HIE severity. These parameters could be combined in a multiparametric algorithm to improve their classification performance. The absence of relationship between pH lactate and HIE severity reinforces the central role of early neonatal EEG.
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hal-04537296 , version 1 (22-07-2024)

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Laure Lacan, Nacim Betrouni, M. D. Lamblin, L. Chaton, Arnaud Delval, et al.. Quantitative approach to early neonatal EEG visual analysis in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy severity: Bridging the gap between eyes and machine. Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology, 2021, Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology, 51 (2), p. 121-131. ⟨10.1016/j.neucli.2020.12.003⟩. ⟨hal-04537296⟩

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