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Article Dans Une Revue Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies Année : 2023

Heart Rate Variability in Children with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Observational Study

Résumé

The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of continuous monitoring of heart rate variability (HRV) in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and collect preliminary data on the association between HRV, neurological outcome, and complications. This is a prospective observational cohort study in a tertiary academic PICU. Children admitted to the PICU ≤24 hours after moderate or severe TBI were included in the study. Children suspected of being brain dead at PICU entry or with a pacemaker were excluded. Children underwent continuous monitoring of electrocardiographic (ECG) waveforms over 7 days post-TBI. HRV analysis was performed retrospectively, using a standardized, validated HRV analysis software (CIMVA). The occurrence of medical complications (“event”: intracranial hypertension, cerebral hypoperfusion, seizure, and cardiac arrest) was prospectively documented. Outcome of children 6 months post-TBI was assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale – Extended Pediatric (GOS-E Peds). Fifteen patients were included over a 20-month period. Thirteen patients had ECG recordings available and 4 had >20% of missing ECG data. When ECG was available, HRV calculation was feasible (average 88%; range 70–97%). Significant decrease in overall HRV coefficient of variation and Poincaré SD2 (p < 0.05) at 6 hours post–PICU admission was associated with an unfavorable outcome (defined as GOS-E Peds ≥ 3, or a deterioration of ≥2 points over baseline score). Several HRV metrics exhibited significant and nonsignificant variation in HRV during event. This study demonstrates that it is feasible to monitor HRV in the PICU provided ECG data are available; however, missing ECG data are not uncommon. These preliminary data suggest that altered HRV is associated with unfavorable neurological outcome and in-hospital medical complications. Larger prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings and to explore if HRV offers reliable and clinically useful prediction data that may help clinical decision making.
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Dates et versions

hal-04542471 , version 1 (11-04-2024)

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Sophie Anselme-Martin, Geneviève Du Pont-Thibodeau, Andrew J. E. Seely, Guillaume Emeriaud, Christophe L. Herry, et al.. Heart Rate Variability in Children with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Observational Study. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies, 2023, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies, -, ⟨10.1055/s-0042-1759877⟩. ⟨hal-04542471⟩

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