Impact of RSV test positivity, patient characteristics, and treatment characteristics on the cost of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis in a French university medical center (2010-2015). - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Frontiers in Pediatrics Année : 2023

Impact of RSV test positivity, patient characteristics, and treatment characteristics on the cost of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis in a French university medical center (2010-2015).

Résumé

Background: In young children, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-related bronchiolitis is typically more severe than other respiratory tract infections, with a greater need for oxygen therapy and respiratory support. Few studies have compared the cost of hospitalization with regard to virological status. The objective of this study was to compare the costs of hospitalization for RSV-positive vs. RSV-negative bronchiolitis in a French university medical center between 2010 and 2015. Methods: The cost models were compared using conventional goodness-of-fit criteria. Covariates included the characteristics of the patients, pre-existing respiratory and non-respiratory comorbidities, superinfections, medical care provided, and the length of stay. Results: RSV was detected in 679 (58.3%) of the 1,164 hospital stays by children under 2 years with virological data. Oxygen therapy and respiratory support were twice as frequent for the RSV-positive cases. The median hospitalization cost was estimated at €3,248.4 (interquartile range: €2,572.1). The cost distribution was positively skewed with a variation coefficient (CV = standard deviation/mean) greater than one (mean = €4,212.9, standard deviation = €5,047, CV = 1.2). In univariate analyses, there was no significant cost difference between the RSV-positive and RSV-negative cases. In the best multivariate model, the significant positive effect of RSV positivity on cost waned after the introduction of medical care variables and the length of stay. The results were sensitive to the specification of the model. Conclusions: It was impossible to firmly conclude that hospitalization costs were higher for the RSV-positive cases.
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hal-04549547 , version 1 (17-04-2024)

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Benoit Dervaux, Marine van Berleere, Xavier Lenne, Marine Wyckaert, Francois Dubos. Impact of RSV test positivity, patient characteristics, and treatment characteristics on the cost of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis in a French university medical center (2010-2015).. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 2023, Frontiers in Pediatrics, 11, pp.1126229. ⟨10.3389/fped.2023.1126229⟩. ⟨hal-04549547⟩

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