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Article Dans Une Revue JMIR Medical Informatics Année : 2021

Transformation and Evaluation of the MIMIC Database in the OMOP Common Data Model: Development and Usability Study

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Background In the era of big data, the intensive care unit (ICU) is likely to benefit from real-time computer analysis and modeling based on close patient monitoring and electronic health record data. The Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC) is the first open access database in the ICU domain. Many studies have shown that common data models (CDMs) improve database searching by allowing code, tools, and experience to be shared. The Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership (OMOP) CDM is spreading all over the world. Objective The objective was to transform MIMIC into an OMOP database and to evaluate the benefits of this transformation for analysts. Methods We transformed MIMIC (version 1.4.21) into OMOP format (version 5.3.3.1) through semantic and structural mapping. The structural mapping aimed at moving the MIMIC data into the right place in OMOP, with some data transformations. The mapping was divided into 3 phases: conception, implementation, and evaluation. The conceptual mapping aimed at aligning the MIMIC local terminologies to OMOP's standard ones. It consisted of 3 phases: integration, alignment, and evaluation. A documented, tested, versioned, exemplified, and open repository was set up to support the transformation and improvement of the MIMIC community's source code. The resulting data set was evaluated over a 48-hour datathon. Results With an investment of 2 people for 500 hours, 64% of the data items of the 26 MIMIC tables were standardized into the OMOP CDM and 78% of the source concepts mapped to reference terminologies. The model proved its ability to support community contributions and was well received during the datathon, with 160 participants and 15,000 requests executed with a maximum duration of 1 minute. Conclusions The resulting MIMIC-OMOP data set is the first MIMIC-OMOP data set available free of charge with real disidentified data ready for replicable intensive care research. This approach can be generalized to any medical field.
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hal-04552101 , version 1 (19-04-2024)

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N. Paris, Antoine Lamer, A. Parrot. Transformation and Evaluation of the MIMIC Database in the OMOP Common Data Model: Development and Usability Study. JMIR Medical Informatics, 2021, JMIR Medical Informatics, 9 (12), pp.e30970. ⟨10.2196/30970⟩. ⟨hal-04552101⟩

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