A 3D convolutional neural network to classify subjects as Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia or healthy controls using brain 18F-FDG PET. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue NeuroImage Année : 2024

A 3D convolutional neural network to classify subjects as Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia or healthy controls using brain 18F-FDG PET.

Résumé

With the arrival of disease-modifying drugs, neurodegenerative diseases will require an accurate diagnosis for optimal treatment. Convolutional neural networks are powerful deep learning techniques that can provide great help to physicians in image analysis. The purpose of this study is to introduce and validate a 3D neural network for classification of Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or cognitively normal (CN) subjects based on brain glucose metabolism. Retrospective [18F]-FDG-PET scans of 199 CE, 192 FTD and 200 CN subjects were collected from our local database, Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal lobar degeneration neuroimaging initiatives. Training and test sets were created using randomization on a 90 %-10 % basis, and training of a 3D VGG16-like neural network was performed using data augmentation and cross-validation. Performance was compared to clinical interpretation by three specialists in the independent test set. Regions determining classification were identified in an occlusion experiment and Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping. Test set subjects were age- and sex-matched across categories. The model achieved an overall 89.8 % accuracy in predicting the class of test scans. Areas under the ROC curves were 93.3 % for AD, 95.3 % for FTD, and 99.9 % for CN. The physicians' consensus showed a 69.5 % accuracy, and there was substantial agreement between them (kappa = 0.61, 95 % CI: 0.49–0.73). To our knowledge, this is the first study to introduce a deep learning model able to discriminate AD and FTD based on [18F]-FDG PET scans, and to isolate CN subjects with excellent accuracy. These initial results are promising and hint at the potential for generalization to data from other centers.
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hal-04579197 , version 1 (17-05-2024)

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Antoine Rogeau, Florent Hives, Cecile Bordier, Hélène Lahousse, Vincent Roca, et al.. A 3D convolutional neural network to classify subjects as Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia or healthy controls using brain 18F-FDG PET.. NeuroImage, 2024, NeuroImage, pp.120530. ⟨10.1016/j.neuroimage.2024.120530⟩. ⟨hal-04579197⟩
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