Regulation of thyroid hormone gatekeepers by TSH in tanycytes. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Thyroid Année : 2023

Regulation of thyroid hormone gatekeepers by TSH in tanycytes.


Background: Tanycytes are specialized glial cells within the mediobasal hypothalamus that have multiple functions, including hormone sensing and regulation of hypophysiotropic hormone secretion. There are ongoing discussions about the role of tanycytes in regulating the supply of hypothalamic thyroid hormones (THs) through the expression of TH transporters (Slc16a2, Slco1c1) and deiodinases (Dio2, Dio3). In this study, we investigated the potential feedback effect of thyrotropin (TSH) on the transcription of these gatekeeper genes on tanycytes. Methods: We analyzed the changes in the expression of TH-gatekeeper genes, in TSH-stimulated primary tanycytes, using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). We also used RNAScope® in brain slices to further reveal the local distribution of the transcripts. In addition, we blocked intracellular pathways and used small-interfering RNA (siRNA) to elucidate differences in the regulation of the gatekeeper genes. Results: TSH elevated messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Slco1c1, Dio2, and Dio3 in tanycytes, while Slc16a2 was mostly unaffected. Blockade and knockdown of the TSH receptor (TSHR) and antagonization of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) clearly abolished the increased expression induced by TSH, indicating PKA-dependent regulation through the TSHR. The TSH-dependent expression of Dio3 and Slco1c1 was also regulated by protein kinase C (PKC), and in case of Dio3, also by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity. Importantly, these gene regulations were specifically found in different subpopulations of tanycytes. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that TSH induces transcriptional regulation of TH-gatekeeper genes in tanycytes through the Tshr/Gαq/PKC pathway, in parallel to the Tshr/Gαs/PKA/CREB pathway. These differential actions of TSH on tanycytic subpopulations appear to be important for coordinating the supply of TH to the hypothalamus and aid its functions.
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Dates et versions

hal-04586240 , version 1 (24-05-2024)



A. Chandrasekar, P. M. Schmidtlein, V. Neve, M. Rivagorda, F. Spiecker, et al.. Regulation of thyroid hormone gatekeepers by TSH in tanycytes.. Thyroid, 2023, Thyroid, 34 (2), pp.261-273. ⟨10.1089/thy.2023.0375⟩. ⟨hal-04586240⟩
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