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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of oleo science Année : 2024

Oil and Organic Liquids Incorporation into Fresh Geopolymer Pastes Using Suitable Quaternary Ammonium Surfactants.

Résumé

Abstract: The direct incorporation of low viscosity organic liquids (OL) such as dodecane and tributylphosphate (TBP) into fresh geopolymers (GP) is difficult and generally leads to variable amounts of un-incorporated OL remaining outside the hardened geopolymer. Experimentally, it is observed that a regular torque increase during OL incorporation corresponds to a suitable dispersion of the OL in the form of fine micrometric droplets. This can be obtained for TBP and dodecane by adding a small quantity of quaternary ammoniums salts (QAs) such as cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Shorter alkyl chains QAs, such as hexamethyltrimethylammonium (HMTA) can also be used but with a reduced efficiency. The positive impact of CTAB is then confirmed by the Washburn capillary rise method, showing that the interactions between TBP and CTAB-modified metakaolin are weaker compared to untreated powder. Finally, it is observed that the incorporation of TBP into geopolymer slurries is much easier than the incorporation of dodecane. The low interfacial tension measured between TBP and the activating solution (around 8 mN·m–1), contrasting with dodecane (29 mN·m–1), explains that the dispersion of TBP droplets in fresh metakaolin suspensions is more efficient.

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hal-04601564 , version 1 (05-06-2024)

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Christel Pierlot, Yann Boland, Hanyu Hu, Charles Reeb, Jordan Bassetti, et al.. Oil and Organic Liquids Incorporation into Fresh Geopolymer Pastes Using Suitable Quaternary Ammonium Surfactants.. Journal of oleo science, 2024, Journal of oleo science, 73, pp.625-636. ⟨10.5650/jos.ess23183⟩. ⟨hal-04601564⟩
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