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Article Dans Une Revue Geosci. Model Dev. Année : 2024

Subgrid-scale variability of cloud ice in the ICON-AES 1.3.00

Résumé

This paper presents a stochastic approach for the aggregation process rate in the ICOsahedral Nonhydrostatic general circulation model (ICON-AES), which takes subgrid-scale variability into account. This method creates a stochastic parameterization of the process rate by choosing a new specific cloud ice mass at random from a uniform distribution function. This distribution, which is consistent with the model's cloud cover scheme, is evaluated in terms of cloud ice mass variance with a combined satellite retrieval product (DARDAR) from the satellite cloud radar CloudSat and the Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Observations (CALIPSO). The global patterns of simulated and observed cloud ice mixing ratio variance are in a good agreement, despite an underestimation in the tropical regions, especially at lower altitudes, and an overestimation in higher latitudes from the modeled variance. Due to this stochastic approach the yearly mean of cloud ice shows an overall decrease. As a result of the nonlinear nature of the aggregation process, the yearly mean of the process rates increases when taking subgrid-scale variability into account. An increased process rate leads to a stronger transformation of cloud ice into snow and therefore to a cloud ice loss. The yearly averaged global mean aggregation rate is more than 20 % higher at selected pressure levels due to the stochastic approach. A strong interaction of aggregation and accretion, however, lowers the effect of cloud ice loss due to a higher aggregation rate. The new stochastic method presented lowers the bias of the aggregation rate.
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Dates et versions

hal-04601719 , version 1 (05-06-2024)

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Sabine Doktorowski, Jan Kretzschmar, Johannes Quaas, Marc Salzmann, Odran Sourdeval. Subgrid-scale variability of cloud ice in the ICON-AES 1.3.00. Geosci. Model Dev., 2024, Geosci. Model Dev., 17, ⟨10.5194/gmd-17-3099-2024⟩. ⟨hal-04601719⟩
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