Epidemiology of congenital heart defects in France from 2013 to 2022 using the PMSI-MCO (French Medical Information System Program in Medicine, Surgery, and Obstetrics) database. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue PLoS ONE Année : 2024

Epidemiology of congenital heart defects in France from 2013 to 2022 using the PMSI-MCO (French Medical Information System Program in Medicine, Surgery, and Obstetrics) database.

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Background Congenital heart defects are common and occur in approximately 0.9% of births. In France, the registries cover approximately 20% of the population but not the entirety of France; therefore, we aimed to update the incidence data for congenital heart defects in France from 2013 to 2022 using the medico-administrative database PMSI-MCO (French Medical Information System Program in Medicine, Surgery, and Obstetrics). We aimed to compare the frequency of risk factors in a population with congenital heart defects and a reference population. Methods From 2013 to 2022, we included children aged < 3 years diagnosed with congenital heart defects according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, in the PMSI-MCO database. We compared them with a population without congenital defects on several medical data items (e.g., parity, gemellarity, and mortality rate). Bivariate and multivariate analyses compared children with congenital heart defects and children without congenital malformation. Results We identified 83,879 children with congenital heart defects in France from 2013 to 2022 in the PMSI-MCO database and 7,739,840 children without such defects, including 7,218,952 without any congenital defects. We observed more deaths (7.49% vs. 0.68%, d = 0.59) and more twinning (8.67% vs. 1.23%, d = 0.35) among children with congenital heart defects. Multivariate analysis revealed an increased risk of congenital heart defects in male individuals (OR [odds ratio] 1.056, 95% CI [confidence interval] [1.039–1.076]) and cases of medically assisted reproduction (OR 1.115, 95% CI [1.045–1.189]) and a reduced risk in the case of multiparity (OR 0.921, 95% CI [0.905–0.938]). Conclusions According to the PMSI-MCO database, the incidence of congenital heart defects in France from 2013 to 2022 is 1% of births. Congenital heart defects are more frequent in cases of prematurity, twinning, primiparity, male sex, and maternal age > 40 years.
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hal-04602236 , version 1 (05-06-2024)

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Gurvan Bourdon, Xavier Lenne, Francois Godart, Laurent Storme, Didier Theis, et al.. Epidemiology of congenital heart defects in France from 2013 to 2022 using the PMSI-MCO (French Medical Information System Program in Medicine, Surgery, and Obstetrics) database.. PLoS ONE, 2024, PLoS ONE, 19, pp.e0298234. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0298234⟩. ⟨hal-04602236⟩

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