Intrusive experiences in posttraumatic stress disorder: Treatment response induces changes in the directed functional connectivity of the anterior insula. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Neuroimage-Clinical Année : 2022

Intrusive experiences in posttraumatic stress disorder: Treatment response induces changes in the directed functional connectivity of the anterior insula.

Résumé

Background One of the core features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is re-experiencing trauma. The anterior insula (AI) has been proposed to play a crucial role in these intrusive experiences. However, the dynamic function of the AI in re-experiencing trauma and its putative modulation by effective therapy need to be specified. Methods Thirty PTSD patients were enrolled and exposed to traumatic memory reactivation therapy. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans were acquired before and after treatment. To explore AI-directed influences over the rest of the brain, we referred to a mixed model using pre-/posttreatment Granger causality analysis seeded on the AI as a within-subject factor and treatment response as a between-subject factor. To further identify correlates of re-experiencing trauma, we investigated how intrusive severity affected (i) causality maps and (ii) the spatial stability of other intrinsic brain networks. Results We observed changes in AI-directed functional connectivity patterns in PTSD patients. Many within- and between-network causal paths were found to be less influenced by the AI after effective therapy. Insular influences were found to be positively correlated with re-experiencing symptoms, while they were linked with a stronger default mode network (DMN) and more unstable central executive network (CEN) connectivity. Conclusion We showed that directed changes in AI signaling to the DMN and CEN at rest may underlie the degree of re-experiencing symptoms in PTSD. A positive response to treatment further induced changes in network-to-network anticorrelated patterns. Such findings may guide targeted neuromodulation strategies in PTSD patients not suitably improved by conventional treatment.

Dates et versions

hal-04606287 , version 1 (10-06-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Arnaud Leroy, Etienne Very, Philippe Birmes, Pierre Yger, Sebastien Szaffarczyk, et al.. Intrusive experiences in posttraumatic stress disorder: Treatment response induces changes in the directed functional connectivity of the anterior insula.. Neuroimage-Clinical, 2022, Neuroimage-Clinical, 34, pp.102964. ⟨10.1016/j.nicl.2022.102964⟩. ⟨hal-04606287⟩
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