Cell proliferation and glial cell marker expression in the wall of the third ventricle in the tuberal region of the male mouse hypothalamus during postnatal development. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Neuroendocrinology Année : 2023

Cell proliferation and glial cell marker expression in the wall of the third ventricle in the tuberal region of the male mouse hypothalamus during postnatal development.

Résumé

The third ventricle (3 V) wall of the tuberal hypothalamus is composed of two types of cells; specialized ependymoglial cells called tanycytes located ventrally and ependymocytes dorsally, which control the exchanges between the cerebrospinal fluid and the hypothalamic parenchyma. By regulating the dialogue between the brain and the periphery, tanycytes are now recognized as central players in the control of major hypothalamic functions such as energy metabolism and reproduction. While our knowledge of the biology of adult tanycytes is progressing rapidly, our understanding of their development remains very incomplete. To gain insight into the postnatal maturation of the 3 V ependymal lining, we conducted a comprehensive immunofluorescent study of the mouse tuberal region at four postnatal ages (postnatal day (P) 0, P4, P10, and P20). We analyzed the expression profile of a panel of tanycyte and ependymocyte markers (vimentin, S100, connexin-43 [Cx43], and glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP]) and characterized cell proliferation in the 3 V wall using the thymidine analog bromodeoxyuridine. Our results show that most changes in marker expression occur between P4 and P10, with a switch from a 3 V mostly lined by radial cells to the emergence of a tanycytic domain ventrally and an ependymocytic domain dorsally, a drop in cell proliferation and increased expression of S100, Cx43, and GFAP that acquire a mature profile at P20. Our study thus identifies the transition between the first and the second postnatal week as a critical time window for the postnatal maturation of the 3 V wall ependymal lining.
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hal-04613818 , version 1 (17-06-2024)

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Adrien Coutteau-Robles, Vincent Prevot, Ariane Sharif. Cell proliferation and glial cell marker expression in the wall of the third ventricle in the tuberal region of the male mouse hypothalamus during postnatal development.. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 2023, Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 35 (3), pp.e13239. ⟨10.1111/jne.13239⟩. ⟨hal-04613818⟩

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