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Article Dans Une Revue (Article De Synthèse) Revue Neurologique Année : 2022

Intensive care unit-acquired weakness: Questions the clinician should ask.

Résumé

Intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) is defined as clinically detected weakness in critically ill patients in whom there is no plausible etiology other than critical illness. Using electrophysiological methods, patients with ICU-AW are classified in three subcategories: critical illness polyneuropathy, critical illness myopathy and critical illness neuromyopathy. ICU-AW is a frequent complication occurring in critical ill patients. Risk factors include illness severity and organ failure, age, hyperglycemia, parenteral nutrition, drugs and immobility. Due to short- and long-term complications, ICU-AW results in longer hospital stay and increased mortality. Its management is essentially preventive avoiding modifiable risk factors, especially duration of sedation and immobilization that should be as short as possible. Pharmacological approaches have been studied but none have proven efficacy. In the present review, we propose practical questions that the clinician should ask in case of acquired weakness during ICU stay: when to suspect ICU-AW, what risk factors should be identified, how to diagnose ICU-AW, what is the prognosis and how can recovery be improved?
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Dates et versions

hal-04617290 , version 1 (19-06-2024)

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Citer

Romain Tortuyaux, Jean-Baptiste Davion, Mercedes Jourdain. Intensive care unit-acquired weakness: Questions the clinician should ask.. Revue Neurologique, 2022, Rev Neurol (Paris), ⟨10.1016/j.neurol.2021.12.007⟩. ⟨hal-04617290⟩

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