Involvement of KCa3.1 channel activity in immediate perioperative cognitive and neuroinflammatory outcomes - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue BMC Anesthesiology Année : 2023

Involvement of KCa3.1 channel activity in immediate perioperative cognitive and neuroinflammatory outcomes

Résumé

Background Potassium channels (KCa3.1; Kv1.3; Kir2.1) are necessary for microglial activation, a pivotal requirement for the development of Perioperative Neurocognitive Disorders (PNDs). We previously reported on the role of microglial Kv1.3 for PNDs; the present study sought to determine whether inhibiting KCa3.1 channel activity affects neuroinflammation and prevents development of PND. Methods Mice (wild-type [WT] and KCa3.1−/−) underwent aseptic tibial fracture trauma under isoflurane anesthesia or received anesthesia alone. WT mice received either TRAM34 (a specific KCa3.1 channel inhibitor) dissolved in its vehicle (miglyol) or miglyol alone. Spatial memory was assessed in the Y-maze paradigm 6 h post-surgery/anesthesia. Circulating interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) were assessed by ELISA, and microglial activitation Iba-1 staining. Results In WT mice surgery induced significant cognitive decline in the Y-maze test, p = 0.019), microgliosis (p = 0.001), and increases in plasma IL-6 (p = 0.002) and HMGB1 (p = 0.001) when compared to anesthesia alone. TRAM34 administration attenuated the surgery-induced changes in cognition, microglial activation, and HMGB1 but not circulating IL-6 levels. In KCa3.1−/− mice surgery neither affected cognition nor microgliosis, although circulating IL-6 levels did increase (p < 0.001). Conclusion Similar to our earlier report with Kv1.3, perioperative microglial KCa3.1 blockade decreases immediate perioperative cognitive changes, microgliosis as well as the peripheral trauma marker HMGB1 although surgery-induced IL-6 elevation was unchanged. Future research should address whether a synergistic interaction exists between blockade of Kv1.3 and KCa3.1 for preventing PNDs.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
s12871-023-02030-2.pdf (1.41 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-04637126 , version 1 (05-07-2024)

Licence

Identifiants

Citer

Sarah Saxena, Vincent Nuyens, Christopher Rodts, Kristina Jamar, Adelin Albert, et al.. Involvement of KCa3.1 channel activity in immediate perioperative cognitive and neuroinflammatory outcomes. BMC Anesthesiology, 2023, BMC Anesthesiology, 23, pp.80. ⟨10.1186/s12871-023-02030-2⟩. ⟨hal-04637126⟩
0 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More