Cerebral microbleeds and risk of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation following mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel ischemic stroke. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Neurology Année : 2024

Cerebral microbleeds and risk of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation following mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel ischemic stroke.

N. Bricout
  • Fonction : Auteur
W. Benhassen
  • Fonction : Auteur
G. Turc
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Bretzner
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Pasi
  • Fonction : Auteur
J. Benzakoun
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. Seners
  • Fonction : Auteur
I. Derraz
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. Legrand
  • Fonction : Auteur
D. Trystram
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Rodriguez-Regent
  • Fonction : Auteur
A. Charidimou
  • Fonction : Auteur
N. S. Rost
  • Fonction : Auteur
S. Bracard
  • Fonction : Auteur
O. F. Eker
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Oppenheim
  • Fonction : Auteur
O. Naggara
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Background and purpose In patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treated with endovascular therapy (EVT), the association of pre-existing cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) remains controversial. We tested the hypothesis that the presence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and their burden would be associated with sICH after EVT of AIS. Methods We conducted a retrospective study combining cohorts of patients that underwent EVT between January 1st 2015 and January 1st 2020. CMB presence, burden, and other cSVD markers were assessed on a pre-treatment MRI, evaluated independently by two observers. Primary outcome was the occurrence of sICH. Results 445 patients with pretreatment MRI were included, of which 70 (15.7%) demonstrated CMBs on baseline MRI. sICH occurred in 36 (7.6%) of all patients. Univariate analysis did not demonstrate an association between CMB and the occurrence of sICH (7.5% in CMB+ group vs 8.6% in CMB group, p = 0.805). In multivariable models, CMBs’ presence was not significantly associated with increased odds for sICH (-aOR- 1.19; 95% CI [0.43–3.27], p = 0.73). Only ASPECTs (aOR 0.71 per point increase; 95% CI [0.60–0.85], p < 0.001) and collaterals status (aOR 0.22 for adequate versus poor collaterals; 95% CI [0.06–0.93], p 0.019) were independently associated with sICH. Conclusion CMB presence and burden is not associated with increased occurrence of sICH after EVT. This result incites not to exclude patients with CMBs from EVT. The risk of sICH after EVT in patients with more than10 CMBs will require further investigation.
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Dates et versions

hal-04642807 , version 1 (10-07-2024)

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Citer

R. Agbonon, G. Forestier, N. Bricout, W. Benhassen, G. Turc, et al.. Cerebral microbleeds and risk of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation following mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel ischemic stroke.. Journal of Neurology, 2024, Journal of Neurology, 271, pp.2631-2638. ⟨10.1007/s00415-024-12205-7⟩. ⟨hal-04642807⟩
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